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Saline rivers are supposed to be ‘hot spots’ of high biological productivity in arid landscapes. To test this, we quantified the production of chironomid larvae, because river production is known to be transferred to arid landscapes primarily by birds fed on these larvae. In addition, we studied the potential biochemical quality of the larvae for birds(More)
The review of the salinity tolerance of various macrozoobenthos taxa is based on the published data and the results of our studies. Significant differences in the tolerance of hydrobionts to water salinity in rivers of different arid regions are shown. Leeches, bivalved mollusks, larvae of stoneflies, caddis flies, and mayflies are the most stenohaline(More)
Models for relationship between sampling effort and estimates of species number and other characteristics of species diversity are considered and evaluated. In the analysis, different randomization algorithms and other statistical methods of monitoring data processing are used including jackknife and bootstrap procedures, algorithms ICE and Chao2,(More)
The use of different methods of multivariate ordination for the analysis of the distribution pattern of benthic habitats along the gradient of a river ecosystem is considered. Problems of determination of homogenous segments of a stream are discussed using macrozoobenthos communities of small rivers of the lower Volga Basin as examples. A method for(More)
All stages and the ecology of the Southern Palaearctic Palpomyia schmidti collected from the vicinity of the saline Lake Elton in Russia are described and illustrated. The morphology of larvae and pupae as well as the detailed ecology of the larvae are described for the first time. P. schmidti is a halobiontic biting midge, widely distributed in the steppes(More)
Karyotype and morphology of Chironomus sp. larvae from the Caspian Sea have been described. 2n = 8. Chromosomal arm combination is AB, CD, EF, G (cytocomplex thummi). All chromosomes display conjugation of homologues. Centromere areas are of s-type. The nucleolar organizer and two Balbiani rings are disposed in arm C, and another Balbiani ring is in arm B.(More)
Cytology and ecology of Chironomus (Chironomus) salinarius Kieffer, 1915 (Diptera, Chironomidae) was examined from material collected in the saline rivers of the Lake Elton basin (Volgograd region, Russia). Larvae of salinarius-type were identified as C. salinarius on the basis of their karyotype. The species is redescribed on the basis of all metamorphic(More)
Fatty acid (FA) contents and compositions in the pectoral muscles of 18 bird species from Novosibirsk, Volgograd, and Yaroslavl oblasts were studied. Three groups of birds that had significantly different FA compositions were distinguished based on a multivariate statistical analysis: Passeriformes, Columbiformes, and a group of waterfowl and waterbird(More)
Species turnover or coherence in species co-occurrence as well as boundary clumping and nestedness in structural composition of ecological communities reflect the extent of determinancy in their organization (Leibold, Mikkelson, 2002). These phenomena may be a consequence of either interactions between species or heterogeneity in spatial distribution of(More)