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Mitochondrial function is a key determinant of both excitability and viability of neurons. Here, we demonstrate seizure-dependent changes in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in the epileptic rat hippocampus. The intense pathological neuronal activity in pilocarpine-treated rats exhibiting spontaneous seizures resulted in a selective decline of the(More)
Spontaneous activity and responses to sensory stimuli were analysed in the hippocampal CA1 neurons of chronic unanesthetized rabbits before and after reversible functional blockade of the median raphe nucleus and medial septal area by local microinjections of anesthetic lidocaine. This evoked, correspondingly, persistent theta rhythm and its complete(More)
The control of theta rhythm in neuronal activity of the medial septal area and hippocampal electroencephalogram by the brainstem structures was investigated in waking rabbits. In the first series of experiments stimulating electrodes were implanted into the midbrain reticular formation and median raphe nucleus. The standard frequency of theta-bursts in(More)
For neuroprotective therapy of neurodegenerative diseases creatine treatment has gained special interest because creatine has been shown to cross the blood-brain barrier, accumulate in the human brain in vivo and cause delayed neuronal cell death in a large number of animal models. Here, we used the pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy to determine(More)
BACKGROUND We have analyzed the complete mitochondrial genomes of 22 Pan paniscus (bonobo, pygmy chimpanzee) individuals to assess the detailed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny of this close relative of Homo sapiens. RESULTS We identified three major clades among bonobos that separated approximately 540,000 years ago, as suggested by Bayesian analysis.(More)
Our previous studies on conscious rabbits showed that stimulation of the median cervical nucleus (MCN) decreases the extent and frequency of oscillatory theta activity in the septohippocampal system, while functional blockade of the nucleus by administration of the anesthetic lidocaine produces a stage high-frequency theta rhythm. The present study(More)
To assess the detailed expression pattern of mitochondrial-encoded proteins in skeletal muscle of patients with mitochondrial diseases we performed determinations of cytochrome content and enzyme activities of respiratory chain complexes of 12 patients harboring large-scale deletions and of 10 patients harboring the A3243G mutation. For large-scale(More)
In earlier studies it has been shown that stimulation of the median raphe nucleus (MR) in awake rabbits decreases the expression and frequency of oscillatory theta activity in the septohippocampal system, and the functional blockade of this nucleus evokes the regular and high-frequency theta rhythm. The present work was aimed at elucidation of(More)
Responses to sensory stimuli were analyzed in hippocampal CA1 neurons of unanesthetized rabbits in chronic experiments before and after reversible functional blockade of the median raphe nucleus (MR) and medial septal area (MS-DB) by local microinjections of anesthetic lidocaine. The MR blockade, which resulted in an enhancement of theta-modulation of the(More)
The functional importance of theta modulation in the activity of hippocampal neurons was further analyzed using a method consisting of controlled sequential short-term (25-30 min) inclusion or exclusion of the theta rhythm by local administration of lidocaine into the median cervical nucleus and medial septal region respectively. Studies were carried out(More)