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Five hydrocarbon-oxidizing strains were isolated from formation waters of oilfields in Russia, Kazakhstan and China. These strains were moderately thermophilic, neutrophilic, motile, spore-forming rods, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic. The G+C content of their DNA ranged from 49.7 to 52.3 mol%. The major isoprenoid quinone was menaquinone-7; cellular(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the genes of 16S rRNAs were determined for the type strain Oscillochloris trichoides DG-6T and three new strains of Oscillochloris-like mesophilic filamentous green bacteria. Two major clusters have been found within the family Chloroflexaceae by phylogenetic-analysis: one cluster includes thermophilic species of Chloroflexus and(More)
A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing bacterium, strain 41(T), was isolated from a terrestrial hot vent on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Strain 41(T) was found to be a Gram-positive bacterium, its cells being short, straight, motile rods. Chains of three to five cells were often observed. The isolate grew only chemolithoautotrophically on CO, producing(More)
Forty-three strains of obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were isolated from highly alkaline soda lakes in south-east Siberia (Russia) and in Kenya using a specific enrichment procedure at pH 10. The main difference between the novel isolates and known sulfur bacteria was their potential to grow and oxidize sulfur compounds at pH 10(More)
Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, DNA-DNA hybridization data and phenotypic properties revealed that 'Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans subsp. thermotolerans' strain K1 is not a member of the genus Sulfobacillus. Phylogenetically, strain K1 is closely related to unclassified strains of the genus Alicyclobacillus: the 16S rRNA gene sequence(More)
A new anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing marine bacterium, strain JMT, was isolated from a submarine hot vent in Okinawa Trough. Cells of strain JMT were non-motile thin straight rods, sometimes branching, with a cell wall of the Gram-positive type, surrounded with an S-layer. Chains of three to five cells were often observed. The isolate grew(More)
Three kinds of alkaliphilic bacteria able to utilize thiocyanate (CNS-) at pH 10 were found in highly alkaline soda lake sediments and soda soils. The first group included obligate heterotrophs that utilized thiocyanate as a nitrogen source while growing at pH 10 with acetate as carbon and energy sources. Most of the heterotrophic strains were able to(More)
An anaerobic enrichment medium (pH 10) with thiosulfate as electron donor and nitrate as electron acceptor was inoculated with sediment from soda lake Fazda (Wadi Natrun, Egypt); a novel strain, ALEN 1(T), was isolated from the subsequent enrichment culture. Cells of strain ALEN 1(T) had a spiral morphology (0.3-0.45 x 1-4 microm), were motile and had a(More)
Two strains of obligate chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were isolated from soda-lake sediments by enrichment culture with thiocyanate and nitrate at pH 9.9. The isolates were capable of growth with thiocyanate or thiosulfate as electron donor, either aerobically or anaerobically, and with nitrate or nitrite as electron acceptor. Cyanate was(More)