Tat'yana B Kravchenko

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Two isogenic sets of Yersinia pestis strains were generated, composed of wild-type strains 231 and I-1996, their non-polar pH 6(-) mutants with deletions in the psaA gene that codes for its structural subunit or the whole operon, as well as strains with restored ability for temperature- and pH-dependent synthesis of adhesion pili or constitutive production(More)
It was shown that spore germination of different Bacillus anthracis strains in macrophage-like cells J774A.1 depended on the genotype of the strains. The virulent B. anthracis strains contain plasmids pXO1 and pX02 responsible for the synthesis of a toxin and a capsule, respectively. The loss of one of the plasmids results in the reduction of strain(More)
A knockout mutant with a deletion in a quorum sensing system gene qseC was generated from the vaccine strain Francisella tularensis 15 by site-directed mutagenesis. The variant with the inactivated gene qseC differed from the parental strain in growth rate on solid nutrient medium but had the same growth dynamics in liquid nutrient medium. The mutation(More)
Using the limited proteolysis method, we established that the protective antigen (PA) molecule consists of four functionally active domains. The shielding domain occupies an area in the linear structure of the molecule PA with NH4-terminal up to Lys166 and plays an important role in the proteolytic activation of PA. The associative domain situated in the(More)
The possibility of expression of genes encoding mycobacterial antigens in Francisella tularensis 15/10 vaccine strain cells has been shown for the first time. To obtain stable and effective expression of mycobacterial antigens in the F. tularensis cells, the plasmid vector pPMC1 and hybrid genes consisting of the leader part FL of the F. tularensis membrane(More)
Anthrax belongs to highly dangerous infections of man and animals. No effective treatment methods for pulmonary types of the disease have been yet developed. The existing anthrax vaccines were designed decades ago and need improvement to fit the large-scale vaccination of population. At the same time, the immunological properties of the anthrax vaccine main(More)
The developmental mechanisms of anthrax immunity were studied. Immunization was found to generally generate specific antibodies and lysozyme. Collectively, all the factors are responsible for suppressing the development of spores in the body. This proves the fact that the immunity is directed not only towards the exotoxin of B. anthracis, but it affects(More)
The live vaccine based on the Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica vaccine strain 15 NIIEG line is used in Russia against tularemia. This vaccine is highly effective, but fairly unstable. Therefore, development of stable live tularemia vaccine with minimal side effect is rather urgent. The method of allel removal in the F. tularensis vaccine strain was(More)
Limited proteolysis has established that the protective antigen (PA) molecule consists of four functional-active domains. So, the shielding domain borrows an area in the linear structure of the PA molecule with NH2 of the end up to Lys 166 and plays a conducting role in the proteolytic activation of PA. The associative domain, engaging in the area Arg(More)