Learn More
Performance of rapid sand filtration inter-chlorination system was compared with nanofiltration (NF) to reduce the arsenic health risk of drinking water. It was found that rapid sand filtration with inter-chlorination is not effective in removing arsenic. If total arsenic concentration in raw water is below 50 microg/L regardless of the turbidity of raw(More)
Computational human phantoms have been widely used to estimate organ doses and other dosimetric quantities related to the human body where direct measurements are difficult to perform. In recent years, voxel phantoms (voxel = volume element) based on computed tomographic (CT) data of real persons have been constructed which provide a realistic description(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (Co-PCBs) analyses in raw and treated water throughout Japan were implemented to identify the concentration and homologue patterns of dioxins before and after the water treatment process. In 40 surface water and 5 ground water treatment plants, the(More)
The effects of chlorination on the elimination of three estrogenic chemicals such as 17beta-estradiol, nonylphenol and bis-phenol A were investigated using yeast two-hybrid assay (YTA), estrogen receptor (ER) competition assay (ER-CA), and high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The results of YTA, ER-CA and the analysis of LC/MS(More)
Antimony has been one of the contaminants required to be regulated, however, only limited information has been collected to date regarding antimony removal by polyaluminium chloride (PACl) and ferric chloride (FC). Accordingly, the possible use of coagulation by PACl or FC for antimony removal was investigated. Jar tests were used to determine the effects(More)
Detection of various types of contaminants in water treatment plant by sophisticated analytical methods such as inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry requires hours to days to provide the results. Because naturally occurring ultraviolet (UV) active compounds are commonly present in almost all source waters and(More)
  • 1