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A beam test was executed to evaluate the behavior of the first prototype radiation-hard double-sided silicon microstrip sensor for the SDC silicon tracking system. Pions of 4 GeV/c in a test beamline at KEK illuminated three planes of detectors. The signals were amplified, shaped, and discriminated with TEKZ bipolar analog LSI's, and the on-off levels were(More)
In heavy-ion radiotherapy, an accelerated beam is modified to realize a desired dose distribution in patients. The setup of the beam-modifying devices in the irradiation system is changed according to the patient, and it is important to check the depth dose distributions in the patient. In order to measure dose distributions realized by an irradiation(More)
Interactions between environmental conditions and environment-affecting species have not been investigated extensively. In this study, the population dynamics of species yielding regulative feedback between temperature (a representative of environmental condition) and species with a temperature-altering trait was examined. We considered a simple closed(More)
All the lanthanide elements (REE) in fern (Matteuccia) and in soil were determined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) in order to discuss REE behavior in fern. The fern sample was divided into three parts: root, stem, and leaf; the soil of the same site was also sampled and the soil sample was divided into two parts: HCl and HNO3(More)
Rare-earth elements in a limestone geological standard (JLs-1) were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) using phosphoric acid 2-ethylhexyl ester solvent extraction, which had been established for seawater analysis. First, the limestone sample was divided into two fractions: acetic acid soluble (carbonate fraction) and(More)
We reexamined a Daisyworld model from the traditional view of competition theory. Unlike the original model, white and black daisies in our model incorporate a seeding/germination trade-off against bare ground area without assuming the local temperature reward. As a result, the planetary temperature is automatically regulated by two species if the following(More)
To observe surface morphology and light-absorption property of different black carbon (BC) particles, different-sized aerosols were collected in Tokaimura (36.27 degrees N, 140.36 degrees E), an urban seaside area of eastern central Japan, using a high-volume Andersen type sampler during a whole year (Jan. to Dec. in 2004). The morphology of individual BC(More)
A simple abstract model is presented to show that a species with a favorable global effect on the whole biota (for example, by generating a moderate temperature range) can be selected through evolution. In the model, fluctuation in the growth rate among species leads to selection. The accompanying fluctuations in the quantity of resources, which return by(More)
The Ozegahara peatland, in the Nikko-Oze National Park in Japan, is ecologically significant because of its oligotrophic environment; it is one of the most strictly preserved areas in the country. The isotope ratio of nitrogen (15N/14N) and carbon (13C/12C) and C/N ratio of peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) in the peatland were(More)
A near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic method is proposed to achieve the simultaneous determination of salinity and internal pressure of fluid inclusions in natural minerals. A combination band between the anti-symmetric stretching and bending vibrations of molecular water at approximately 5180 cm-1 was observed for standard salt solutions and natural minerals(More)
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