Tasha Hughes

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Oncolytic viruses that selectively lyse tumor cells with minimal damage to normal cells are a new area of therapeutic development in oncology. An attenuated herpesvirus encoding the granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), known as talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC), has been identified as an attractive oncolytic virus for cancer therapy(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma is one of the few types of cancer with an increasing annual incidence. While a number of immunotherapies for melanoma have been associated with significant clinical benefit, including high-dose IL-2 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) blockade, clinical response to either of these single agents has been limited to 11-20% of(More)
In light of increased cancer prevalence and cancer-specific deaths in patients with infections, we investigated whether infections alter anti-tumor immune responses. We report that acute influenza infection of the lung promotes distal melanoma growth in the dermis and leads to accelerated cancer-specific host death. Furthermore, we show that during(More)
Recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) is associated with objective responses in 15–20 % of patients with metastatic melanoma and renal cell carcinoma. More recently, rIL-2 has also demonstrated improved clinical activity in patients with melanoma. Given the toxicity of high-dose rIL-2 and the availability of many new immunotherapy agents, it has been suggested(More)
Background The results of multiple IL-2 clinical trials (using a range of doses) have shown similar trends, in which IL-2 immunotherapy leads to an objective response in 15-20% of patients and complete response in 5-10%. Importantly, the majority (> 80%) of patients with a complete response maintain long-term responses. However, why only a small proportion(More)
Multiple studies have shown patients have a positive attitude toward medical students in outpatient facilities, but it is unknown whether these results can be extrapolated to inpatients. The purpose of this study is to describe the patients' attitude toward medical students in the inpatient facility and factors that may affect it. A 43-item questionnaire(More)
Background Surgical resection of metastatic cancer is beneficial in select patients with cancer. HD IL-2 is an FDA approved immunotherapy for the treatment of patients with melanoma or renal cell carcinoma. IL-2 induces a complete response (CR) in 4-10% of patients while an additional 10% of patients have a partial response (PR). While not frequently(More)
Background Monotherapy with Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4 antibody) and monotherapy with IL-2 (T cell stimulating cytokine) are approved for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. Combination immunotherapy has been suggested as a more potent regimen but has not been sufficiently investigated. We hypothesized that this combination may enhance therapeutic responses(More)
BACKGROUND For women with early stage ovarian cancer (ESOC), comprehensive staging is the standard of care and studies suggest that these patients may not require further treatment. For women with incidentally diagnosed ovarian cancer there is a lack of consensus as to whether surgical staging be performed, particularly if chemotherapy is recommended. (More)
Background HD IL-2 is an approved immunotherapy for advanced melanoma and renal cell carcinoma with a reported objective response rate (ORR) up to 20%. Patients with stable disease (SD) following treatment are not considered objective responders and thus are not included in reported response rates. Since the initial reports of IL-2 our understanding of the(More)