Tarvo Sillat

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This invited review covers research areas of central importance for orthopaedic and maxillofacial bone tissue repair, including normal fracture healing and healing problems, biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering, mesenchymal and foetal stem cells, effects of sex steroids on mesenchymal stem cells, use of platelet-rich plasma for tissue repair,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study histamine transport and metabolism of salivary gland (SG) epithelial cells in healthy controls and SS patients. METHODS Enzymes and transporters involved in histamine metabolism were analysed in cultured human submandibular salivary gland (HSG) epithelial cells and tissue sections using quantitative real-time PCR and immunostaining. HSG(More)
A novel endothelial cell apoptosis inducing metalloprotease (VLAIP) was found in the snake venom of Vipera lebetina. This metalloprotease is a heterodimeric glycoprotein with molecular mass of about 106 kDa. The protease hydrolyzes azocasein, fibrinogen and oxidized insulin B-chain. The enzyme readily hydrolyzes the Aalpha-chain and more slowly Bbeta-chain(More)
HLA-B27 positive individuals are predisposed to reactive arthritis developing 1-3 weeks after urogenital and gastrointestinal infections. Also ankylosing spondylitis (AS) associates strongly to HLA-B27, but no specific infection, Klebsiella pneumoniae excluded, has been linked to it. Before the discovery of its HLA-B27 association there were many reports(More)
Rationale: Cholecystokinin (CCK) has been shown to coexist and interact with dopamine in the regulation of behaviour. Two different CCK receptors (CCK1 and CCK2) have an opposite influence on the activity of dopamine neurons. Stimulation of CCK2 receptors decreases the release of dopamine and that receptor could mediate the neuroleptic-like effect of CCK.(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered to be primarily a disease of the hyaline articular cartilage, which secondarily affects subchondral bone and synovial membrane. The exact nature and mechanisms of OA, particularly during the early phases of the disease, are unknown. OA per se might in part relate to the poor inherent repair capacity of the articular(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been intensely studied for the purpose of developing solutions for clinical tissue engineering. Autologous MSCs can potentially be used to replace tissue defects, but the procedure also carries risks such as immunization and xenogeneic infection. Replacement of the commonly used fetal calf serum(More)
The generation of wear debris is an inevitable result of normal usage of joint replacements. Wear debris particles stimulate local and systemic biological reactions resulting in chronic inflammation, periprosthetic bone destruction, and eventually, implant loosening, and revision surgery. The latter may be indicated in up to 15% patients in the decade(More)
During adipogenic differentiation human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) produce collagen type IV. In immunofluorescence staining differentiating hMSCs started to express collagen type IV when Oil Red O-positive fat droplets appeared intracellularly. Quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction confirmed progressive increase of collagen type IV α1 and α2(More)
OBJECTIVE The conventional H(1) and H(2) histamine receptors have >10,000-fold lower avidity for histamine than H(4) histamine receptor, which has been implicated in autoimmune diseases. This study was undertaken to compare H(4) histamine receptor levels in the salivary glands (SGs) of healthy controls with those in the SGs of patients with primary(More)