Taruna D. Wakade

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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is the most potent non-cholinergic neurotransmitter to stimulate catecholamine secretion from rat chromaffin cells; however, the mechanism of action is not clear. We used amperometric detection of exocytosis and indo-1 monitoring of [Ca2+]i to identify PACAP actions in cultured chromaffin cells.(More)
1. The perfused adrenal gland of the rat was used to establish the identity of a non-cholinergic substance involved in splanchnic nerve-mediated secretion of catecholamines. 2. The perfused adrenal medulla was rich in vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) content (28 pmol g-1 of wet tissue). VIP-immunoreactive nerve fibres were present in the adrenal(More)
Several investigators have shown that tumour promoter phorbol esters mimic the effects of endogenous diacylglycerol to activate a second messenger, protein kinase C. These phorbol esters have proved to be valuable tools for exploring the role of protein kinase C in many cellular functions. We demonstrate here that secretion of catecholamines evoked from the(More)
1. A newly found action of adenosine in neurons, which may have an important physiological function in the growth and development of the sympathetic nervous system, is described. Adenosine (1-100 microM) inhibited neurite outgrowth within the first 24 h and killed about 80% of sympathetic neurons supported by nerve growth factor over the next 2 days in(More)
We studied the effects of lanthanum (La3+) on the release of 3H-norepinephrine(3H-NE), intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and voltage clamped Ca2+ and K+ currents in cultured sympathetic neurons. La3+ (0.1 to 10 μm) produced concentration-dependent inhibition of depolarization induced Ca2+ influx and 3H-NE release. La3+ was more potent and more efficacious(More)
The functional integrity of adrenal chromaffin storage vesicles was studied in the perfused rat adrenal gland subjected to intense exocytosis. Continuous perfusion with 55 mM K+-Krebs solution produced a large and uninterrupted secretion of catecholamines. Total amounts secreted within 45 min were 4.66 micrograms and represented almost 30% of the total(More)
The functional behavior of embryonic chick sympathetic neurons was determined by inducing release of [3H]norepinephrine by electrical stimulation of sympathetic neurons growing in the chick heart and in culture, with and without heart cells. A very close correspondence between the functional behavior of neurons developing with the heart cells, either in(More)
Fluorescence imaging of indo-1 loaded cells was used to monitor influx and distribution of Ca2+ in cell bodies, neurites and growth cones of sympathetic neurons cultured from embryonic chick. Similar experiments on release of tritiated noradrenaline were performed to assess the relationship between intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and transmitter(More)
Postmitotic sympathetic neurons are known to undergo a programmed cell death (apoptosis) when they are deprived of nerve growth factor (NGF) or treated with arabinofuranosyl nucleoside antimetabolites. Here we report the existence of a biochemical mechanism for the induction of neuronal death by an endogenous nucleoside in the presence of NGF. In support of(More)