Learn More
Conjunction analysis methods were used in functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate brain regions commonly activated in subjects performing different versions of go/no-go and stop tasks, differing in probability of inhibitory signals and/or contrast conditions. Generic brain activation maps highlighted brain regions commonly activated in (a) two(More)
This paper is concerned with the problem of evaluating goodness-of-fit of a path analytic model to an interregional correlation matrix derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. We argue that model evaluation based on testing the null hypothesis that the correlation matrix predicted by the model equals the population correlation matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to study changes in cerebral blood oxygenation in schizophrenic patients during a verbal fluency task. METHOD Five right-handed male schizophrenic patients and five volunteers matched on demographic variables and verbal fluency performance participated in the study. Echoplanar images were acquired(More)
Studies of brain changes in schizophrenia have suggested that the disorder is associated with reductions in both global and regional grey matter. In this study, we used structural neuroimaging to differentiate between these two types of change and to examine regional grey matter throughout the whole brain. Grey matter from magnetic resonance images was(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the hypothesis that schizophrenia is associated with a dysfunction of prefrontal brain regions during motor response inhibition. Generic brain activation of six male medicated patients with schizophrenia was compared to that of seven healthy comparison subjects matched for sex, age, and(More)
BACKGROUND PET studies of verbal fluency in schizophrenia report a failure of 'deactivation' of left superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the presence of activation of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), which deficit has been attributed to underlying 'functional disconnectivity'. AIM To test whether these findings provide trait-markers for(More)
At what levels of brain organization might pathological change in schizophrenia be anatomically expressed: global, regional or supraregional? We hypothesised that brain structure reflects a set of supra-regional anatomical systems with common developmental influences. We conducted an exploratory analysis to identify supraregional brain systems and to(More)
Many theoretical accounts of selective attention and memory retrieval include reference to active inhibitory processes, such as those argued to underlie the negative priming effect. fMRI was used in order to investigate the areas of cortical activation associated with Stroop interference, Stroop facilitation and Stroop negative priming tasks. The most(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET) studies have revealed functional left superior temporal gyrus (STG) abnormalities in symptomatic schizophrenia during word generation. AIMS To discover if this dysfunction is present in asymptomatic schizophrenia. To determine whether, without concurrent symptomatology, schizophrenia and bipolar affective(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence suggests that patients with schizophrenia have a deficit in "theory of mind," i.e., interpretation of the mental state of others. The authors used functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the hypothesis that patients with schizophrenia have a dysfunction in brain regions responsible for mental state attribution. METHOD(More)