Tarun S. Sharma

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Conjunction analysis methods were used in functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate brain regions commonly activated in subjects performing different versions of go/no-go and stop tasks, differing in probability of inhibitory signals and/or contrast conditions. Generic brain activation maps highlighted brain regions commonly activated in (a) two(More)
Movement-related effects in realigned fMRI timeseries can be corrected by regression on linear functions of estimated positional displacements of an individual subject's head during image acquisition. However, this entails biased (under)estimation of the experimental effect whenever subject motion is not independent of the experimental input function.(More)
This paper is concerned with the problem of evaluating goodness-of-fit of a path analytic model to an interregional correlation matrix derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. We argue that model evaluation based on testing the null hypothesis that the correlation matrix predicted by the model equals the population correlation matrix(More)
OBJECTIVE Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to study changes in cerebral blood oxygenation in schizophrenic patients during a verbal fluency task. METHOD Five right-handed male schizophrenic patients and five volunteers matched on demographic variables and verbal fluency performance participated in the study. Echoplanar images were acquired(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors tested the hypothesis that the use of an atypical drug, clozapine, for patients with schizophrenia is related to less impairment in information processing deficits (assessed by prepulse inhibition of the startle response) than is the use of typical antipsychotics. METHOD Two groups of schizophrenic patients--receiving either(More)
BACKGROUND Prepulse inhibition of the startle reflex response refers to the ability of a weak prestimulus to transiently inhibit the response to a closely following strong sensory stimulus. This effect represents an operational index of sensorimotor gating and is found to be deficient in schizophrenia. Prepulse inhibition deficits in schizophrenia seem to(More)
Studies of brain changes in schizophrenia have suggested that the disorder is associated with reductions in both global and regional grey matter. In this study, we used structural neuroimaging to differentiate between these two types of change and to examine regional grey matter throughout the whole brain. Grey matter from magnetic resonance images was(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence suggests that patients with schizophrenia have a deficit in "theory of mind," i.e., interpretation of the mental state of others. The authors used functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the hypothesis that patients with schizophrenia have a dysfunction in brain regions responsible for mental state attribution. METHOD(More)
At what levels of brain organization might pathological change in schizophrenia be anatomically expressed: global, regional or supraregional? We hypothesised that brain structure reflects a set of supra-regional anatomical systems with common developmental influences. We conducted an exploratory analysis to identify supraregional brain systems and to(More)
OBJECTIVE There is some evidence of thalamic abnormalities in schizophrenia. This study investigated thalamic volumes in patients experiencing their first episode of psychosis and nonpsychotic comparison subjects. METHOD Magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained for 38 patients and 29 comparison subjects. Patients' symptoms were rated by research(More)