Taru Sharma

Learn More
In a coordinated research programme sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the frequencies of chromosomal aberrations induced in peripheral blood lymphocytes (in vitro) by 250 kV X-rays at low doses (0.4, 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 and 30 rad) were determined. Blood from 2 donors was used to conduct one master experiment at these dose levels. The culture(More)
Various concentrations of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BdrU) ranging from 0.01 to 10.0 microgram/ml were tried for finding the minimal concentration required for differential staining of sister chromatids in lymphocytes of man, muntjac and cattle grown in three commonly used culture media, namely TC 199, Dulbecco's MEM and Ham's F-10. The lymphocytes grown in TC(More)
In vitro cultures of peripheral blood lymphocytes from human and muntjac (barking deer) females who were at an advanced stage of pregnancy (32-37 weeks pregnant women and 20-24 weeks pregnant muntjacs) showed an enhanced frequency of SCEs and X-ray-induced chromosome aberrations when compared with those of nonpregnant females. Lymphocyte cultures of(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes of 3 mammalian species, man, muntjac and cattle, which have various amounts of DNA and divergent karyotypes, were exposed to 100-400 rad of X-rays, and frequencies of dicentrics and other aberrations were analysed at first post-irradiation metaphases. During experiments, various preparative or physical and biological factors(More)
To estimate the level of radiation exposure of personnel handling diagnostic X-ray machines, the yield of chromosomal aberrations was analysed in peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures. These occupationally exposed individuals showed higher frequencies of dicentrics as well as acentrics than normal controls. Absorbed radiation doses calculated by(More)
The results of an IAEA coordinated programme on radiation induced chromosomal aberrations in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro are presented. In a master experiment, a whole blood sample from one donor was irradiated with 200 R of X-rays. Different fixation times from 46 to 82 h were used. The progression of cells into mitosis was monitored by(More)
Heparinized whole blood of man and muntjac (Indian barking deer) was stored at 5, 22 and 37 degrees C for varying durations up to 168 hours and then exposed to 2.0 or 3.0 Gy of X-rays. The yield of dicentrics and other aberrations scored in first post-irradiation metaphases from lymphocytes of both man and muntjac did not vary significantly. However, a(More)
The BrdU-Giemsa method which facilitates an unequivocal identification of metaphases at different cycles has been utilized to investigate the fate of X-ray-induced chromosome aberrations in the blood lymphocyte culture system of the Indian muntjac which has the lowest diploid number (2n = 6 female/7 male) and easily distinguishable large-sized chromosomes.(More)
The BrdU-differential staining technique was used in a study of the frequency of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and X-ray-induced chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the same individual muntjacs. Blood was collected periodically from immediately after birth (1 day old) to the adult stage (1 year). The results showed that both the(More)
Shoots of apple rootstocks raised in vitro were transferred to various rooting media to study the effect of different factors on root initiation and development. Various concentrations of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) initiated rooting but maximum rooting percentage was found with 2.0 and 2.5 mg l(-1) of IBA in M7 and with 1.0 mg l(-1) of IBA in MM106. The(More)