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Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is essential for many enzymatic reactions, in which it serves to maintain prosthetic metal ions in their reduced forms (for example, Fe2+, Cu+), and for scavenging free radicals in order to protect tissues from oxidative damage. The facilitative sugar transporters of the GLUT type can transport the oxidized form of the vitamin,(More)
We have recently identified that rat organic anion transporters, polypeptide2 (oatp2) and oatp3, both of which transport thyroid hormones. However, in humans the molecular organization of the organic anion transporters has diverged, and the responsible molecule for thyroid hormone transport has not been clarified, except for human liver-specific transporter(More)
Thyroid hormones, being hydrophobic, were thought to enter target cell membranes by passive diffusion. However, recent studies have documented the existence of numerous organic anion transport systems, about half of which also transport thyroid hormones into (and possibly out of) a variety of target cells. Several of the genes encoding thyroid hormone(More)
The AquaTop Display is system that uses the projection of images onto cloudy water. This system allows the users limbs to freely move through, under and over the projection surface. As the projection medium is fluid, we propose new interaction methods specific to this medium by using a Kinect Depth Sensor. Scooping up water, protruding fingers out from(More)
PhotoelasticTouch is a tabletop system designed to intuitively facilitate touch-based interaction via real objects made from transparent elastic material. The transparent elastic material (transparent rubber) provides a realistic haptic interface, which when combined with the visual content displayed on the LCD tabletop, enables a balanced coupling of the(More)
The prime feature of the SplashDisplay is that it uses projectile beads as a display medium that are launched from the table; this means that the tangible medium can be removed from the surface and allowed free movement in air. In current research [1] [2], displays have tended toward fixed mediums and therefore defining and visualizing explosive activity on(More)
There are many kinds of three dimensional displays that have been developed to date. Most of them provide 3D visual sensation to the users, but they do not provide 3D haptic feedback. On the other hand, an interactive surface system using transparent gels enables users to touch a 3D surface. The main issue of the system, however, is that the image is(More)
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