Taro Tanimoto

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Light-driven proton transport in bacteriorhodopsin (BR) is achieved by dynamic rearrangement of the hydrogen-bonding network inside the membrane protein. Arg82 is located between the Schiff base region and proton release group, and has a major influence on the pK(a) values of these groups. It is believed that Arg82 changes its hydrogen-bonding acceptors(More)
In a light-driven proton-pump protein, bacteriorhodopsin (BR), three water molecules participate in a pentagonal cluster that stabilizes an electric quadrupole buried inside the protein. In low-temperature Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) K minus BR spectra, the frequencies of water bands suggest extremely strong hydrogen bonding conditions in BR. The(More)
The Schiff base region of bacteriorhodopsin (BR), a light-driven proton pump, contains a pentagonal cluster, being composed of three water molecules and one oxygen each of Asp85 and Asp212. Asp85 and Asp212 are located at similar distances from the retinal Schiff base, whereas the Schiff base proton is transferred only to Asp85 during the pump function. The(More)
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