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Klotho has been investigated as an anti-aging protein that is predominantly expressed in the distal convoluted tubules in the kidneys and in the choroid plexus of the brain. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between the soluble form of Klotho and renal function in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, a relationship(More)
We describe a case of cyclic thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis, whose cytokine levels, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in plasma, fluctuated in synchrony with platelet count. The levels of the two cytokines correlated significantly with the platelet count for 11 observations over an 8-month period (r =(More)
Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract is one of the common determinants of morbidity and mortality in the ordinary clinical setting. The gastrointestinal involvement of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) has often been described as self-limiting, with no long-term morbidity. In this report, we describe our experience with a male HSP patient who presented(More)
Paraneoplastic nephropathy is a rare complication of malignant disease. We present a case of cervical cancer with biopsy-proven membranous nephropathy and associated nephrotic syndrome. Irradiation to the specific neoplasm site and to the metastatic paraaortic lymph node tissues lead to regression of the nephrotic syndrome without causing severe adverse(More)
It is widely assumed that central venous stenosis (CVS) is most commonly associated with previous central venous catheterization among the chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. We evaluated the validity of this assumption in this retrospective study. The clinical records from 2,856 consecutive HD patients with vascular access failure during a 5-year period(More)
Bone disease is caused not only by increased bone turnover accompanying secondary hyperparathyroidism but also by factors such as bone metabolic disorder accompanying kidney disease and postmenopausal or age-related osteoporosis in hemodialysis patients. In this study, we investigated the effects of raloxifene on bone turnover markers and bone mineral(More)
Circulating prorenin contributes to the pathogenesis of tissue damage leading to cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hypertension and diabetic mellitus (DM) by activating the tissue renin–angiotensin–aldosterone (RAS) system; however, little is known about its roles in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We evaluated plasma prorenin level and prorenin receptor [(P)RR](More)
Mixed cryoglobulinemia is occasionally seen in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This report presents the case of a quiescent HBV carrier who had type II mixed cryoglobulinemia, protracted purpura, ulcerative skin lesions and advanced chronic kidney disease. The cutaneous manifestations of the patient improved along with a decrease in the(More)
In ordinary settings, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated nephropathy should be considered when HIV infection is associated with heavy proteinuria. On the other hand, hepatitis B virus (HBV) may also play a role in the development of glomerular injury among patients with HIV infection, since HIV and HBV infections commonly occur together due to(More)
The major problem associated with the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF), which is the optimal form of vascular access for hemodialysis, is the fact that fistulas do not necessarily mature into a usable vascular access, requiring subsequent revision and construction of another access. The caliber of the vessels used for fistula creation is a pivotal(More)