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Germline mutation analysis was performed in 469 VHL families from North America, Europe, and Japan. Germline mutations were identified in 300/469 (63%) of the families tested; 137 distinct intragenic germline mutations were detected. Most of the germline VHL mutations (124/137) occurred in 1-2 families; a few occured in four or more families. The common(More)
We analyzed 47 primary sporadic human renal cell carcinomas (39 clear cell and 8 non-clear cell) for mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene using the polymerase chain reaction and single strand conformational polymorphism analysis of DNA. All of the positive cases in single strand conformational polymorphism analyses were further(More)
The protective effects of bacteriophages were assessed against experimental Staphylococcus aureus infection in mice. Of the S. aureus phages isolated in the study, phi MR11 was representatively used for all testing, because its host range was the most broad and it carries no genes for known toxins or antibiotic resistance. Intraperitoneal injections (8 x(More)
To determine the prognostic value of angiogenesis factor expression for patients with muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder treated with neoadjuvant methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (M-VAC) chemotherapy and radical cystectomy, we evaluated the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular(More)
To characterize the molecular feature in prostate carcinogenesis and the putative transition from prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) to invasive prostate cancer (PC), we analyzed gene-expression profiles of 20 PCs and 10 high-grade PINs with a cDNA microarray representing 23,040 genes. Considering the histological heterogeneity of PCs and the minimal(More)
BACKGROUND To identify organ-specific, metastasis-related factors that can be used to predict the development and location of metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CRCC), the authors assessed the angiogenesis and the expression of angiogenesis-related genes in primary and metastatic tumors. METHODS They evaluated intratumoral microvessel density(More)
To identify molecules to serve as diagnostic markers for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and as targets for novel therapeutic drugs, we investigated genome-wide expression profiles of RCCs using a cDNA microarray. We subsequently confirmed that hypoxia-inducible protein-2 (HIG2) was expressed exclusively in RCCs and fetal kidney. Induction of HIG2 cDNA into COS7(More)
We recently identified TSLC1, a tumor suppressor gene in human lung cancer. Gene silencing by promoter methylation has been observed frequently in adenocarcinoma of the lung, liver, and pancreas. Here, we demonstrate that TSLC1 expression is also absent or markedly reduced in 3 of 4 prostate cancer cell lines. Promoter sequences of TSLC1 were heavily(More)
One of the most critical issues in prostate cancer clinic is emerging hormone-refractory prostate cancers (HRPCs) and their management. Prostate cancer is usually androgen dependent and responds well to androgen ablation therapy. However, at a certain stage, they eventually acquire androgen-independent and more aggressive phenotype and show poor response to(More)
The von Hippel-Lindau tumor-suppressor protein (pVHL) forms a protein complex (VCB-Cul2) with elongin C, elongin B, Cul-2, and Rbx1, which functions as a ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3). The alpha-subunits of the hypoxia-inducible factors have been identified as targets for the VCB-Cul2 ubiquitin ligase. However, a variety of cellular defects caused by the(More)