Taro Sakamoto

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We constructed a genetic linkage map for a tetraploid derivative species, the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), using 191 microsatellite, 3 RAPD, 7 ESMP, and 7 allozyme markers in three backcross families. The linkage map consists of 29 linkage groups with potential arm displacements in the female map due to male-specific pseudolinkage arrangements.(More)
A major catabolic pathway for gibberellin (GA) is initiated by 2beta-hydroxylation, a reaction catalyzed by GA 2-oxidase. We have isolated and characterized a cDNA, designated Oryza sativa GA 2-oxidase 1 (OsGA2ox1) from rice (Oryza sativa L. cv Nipponbare) that encodes a GA 2-oxidase. The encoded protein, produced by heterologous expression in Escherichia(More)
The present study is designed to elucidate how basal ganglia afferents from the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) to the mesopontine tegmental area of the brainstem contribute to gait control and muscle-tone regulation. We used unanesthetized and acutely decerebrated cats (n=27) in which the striatum, thalamus and cerebral cortex were removed but the(More)
To identify genes targeted by the tobacco KNOX homeodomain protein, Nicotiana tabacum homeobox 15 (NTH15), we have generated an inducible system using the human glucocorticoid receptor. In this system, steroid treatment strictly induced NTH15 function and immediately suppressed the expression of a gibberellin (GA) biosynthetic gene encoding GA 20-oxidase(More)
We incorporated 69 microsatellite loci into an existing data set of 132 markers to test for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting spawning date and body weight in a backcross between two outbred strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Twenty-six linkage groups were identified and synteny of duplicated microsatellite markers was used to confirm 13(More)
Specific binding sites for chum salmon growth hormone (sGH) were identified in the membranes obtained from tissues of rainbow trout. Specific binding of 125I-labelled sGH (% per mg protein) was found in the liver (37%), ovary (6%), brain (6%), gill (4%), intestine (4%) and posterior body kidney (4%). Specific binding was not significant in head kidney,(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether endothelial dysfunction occurs when acute hyperglycemia is induced by oral glucose loading. BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction has been shown to occur in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and chronic hyperglycemia is implicated as a cause of endothelial dysfunction. However, in many patients with Type 2 DM and in those(More)
The present study was to determine how afferents from the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) of the basal ganglia to the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN) in the brainstem could contribute to the control of behavioral states. We used anesthetized and acutely decerebrated cats (n=22). Repetitive electrical stimulation (10-100 Hz, 20-50 microA, for(More)
Growth hormone has been shown to contribute to seawater adaptation of salmonid fishes. The growth influence of growth hormone is mediated largely by hepatic production of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). To study the growth hormone-IGF-I axis in osmoregulation, we measured IGF-I mRNA in the liver, gill, and body kidney from rainbow trout by Northern(More)