Taro Miyahara Gotoh

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To examine a hypothesis that change in regional blood flow due to decreased hydrostatic pressure gradient and redistribution of blood during reduced gravity (rG) is different between organs, changes in cerebrocortical blood flow (CBF) and blood flow in the temporal muscle (MBF) with exposure to rG were measured in anesthetized rats in head-up tilt and flat(More)
To examine acute hemodynamic responses to microgravity (microG) in the head, we measured carotid artery pressure (CAP) and jugular vein pressure (JVP) to calculate cephalic perfusion pressure (CPP = CAP - JVP) and recorded images of microvessels in the iris to evaluate capillary blood flow velocity (CBFV) and capillary diameter (CD) in anesthetized rats(More)
Gravity acts on the circulatory system to decrease arterial blood pressure (AP) by causing blood redistribution and reduced venous return. To evaluate roles of the baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex (VSR) in maintaining AP during gravitational stress, we measured AP, heart rate (HR), and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in four groups of(More)
In order to evaluate the roles of the vestibular system in controlling arterial pressure (AP) during exposure to a short period of microgravity (microG), the AP was measured in conscious free-moving rats having intact vestibular systems and those having vestibular lesions (FM-Intact and FM-VL groups, respectively). During free drop-induced microG, the AP(More)
To investigate the mechanism of arterial pressure (AP) regulation during hypergravity, the AP response to gravitational force was examined in conscious rats and the AP was found to increase, depending on the degree of gravity load induced by centrifugation. At 20 s after application of 2, 3, or 5 G, the AP increased by 9+/-2, 20+/-3, or 24+/-3 mm Hg,(More)
To evaluate changes in the cerebral circulation during acute microgravity (microG), we measured intracranial pressure (ICP), aortic pressure at the diaphragm level, and cerebral flow velocity (CFV) in anesthetized rats (n = 5) during 4.5 s of microG induced by free drop, then calculated arterial pressure at the eye level (AP(eye)) and cerebral perfusion(More)
In order to define the sequence of forebrain activation involved in osmoregulation, central activation in response to intracerebroventricular injection of NaCl solution (10 microl of 0.15, 0.5, or 1.5 M) was detected using manganese-contrasted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in anesthetized rats. Changes in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RNA) were also(More)
We previously reported that the intrathoracic pressure (ITP) decreases and the transmural pressure of the aortic wall (TMP) increases during 4.5 s of microgravity (muG) induced by free drop. To examine the ITP response to a longer period of muG in the absence of the respiratory rate (RR) decrease, i.e., bradypnea, which occurs at the onset of muG, we(More)
There has been recent interest in the concept of connecting a computer to the brain to control brain functions. However, there are challenges that must be overcome in developing such a computer-brain interface, including a selection of nucleus that is stimulated, and an implantable electrode and electrical stimulator. Another important issue is the(More)
The Na(+) receptor that exists in the hepatoportal region plays an important role in postprandial natriuresis and the regulation of Na(+) balance during NaCl load. Thus it would be considered that a dysfunction of the hepatic Na(+) receptor might result in the elevation of arterial pressure under a condition of high NaCl diet. To elucidate this hypothesis,(More)