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CONTEXT Transracial studies are a powerful tool for genetic association studies of multifactorial diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. The low incidence of type 1 diabetes in Asian countries, however, makes it difficult to perform large-scale studies in Asia. OBJECTIVE To overcome this, we have assembled a multicenter study group in Japan and studied the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by the rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetes complications. Causative mechanisms for accelerated beta-cell failure are unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects comprised three autopsied patients who died from diabetic ketoacidosis within(More)
CONTEXT Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several novel type 1 diabetes (T1D) loci in white populations. OBJECTIVE In line with recent findings, we conducted a replication study of two loci on chromosome 12p13 and 16p13 and assessed their potential associations with thyroid autoimmunity in a Japanese population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported the associations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) (DRB1 and DQB1), INS, CTLA4, IL2RA, ERBB3 and CLEC16A with Japanese type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study, we jointly analysed these loci in addition to IFIH1 and IL7R. METHODS A maximum of 790 T1D patients and 953 control subjects were analysed. HLA was determined by(More)
There are errors in Tables 2 and S2. Please see the corrected tables below. Copyright: © 2015 Awata et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is recognized as a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Vitamin D compounds are known to suppress T-cell activation by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR); and thus, VDR gene polymorphisms may be related to T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. We, therefore, investigated a VDR gene polymorphism in type 1 diabetes. We examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D has been shown to exert manifold immunomodulatory effects. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is regarded to be immune-mediated and vitamin D prevents the development of diabetes in the NOD mouse. We studied the association between T1DM and the initiation codon polymorphism in exon 2 of the vitamin D receptor gene in a Japanese population.(More)
The protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor 22 gene (PTPN22) maps to human chromosome 1p13.3-p13.1 and encodes an important negative regulator of T-cell activation, lymphoid-specific phosphatase (Lyp). Recently, the minor allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at nucleotide position 1858 (rs2476601, +1858C > T) was found to be associated with(More)
Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) exists in 2 major polymorphic forms: Q (glutamine) or R (arginine) at codon 192. The PON1(192) activity polymorphism is substrate dependent. The PON1(Q192) isoform has a higher rate of in vitro hydrolysis of diazoxon, sarin, and soman, whereas the PON1(R192) isoform has higher activity for the hydrolysis of paraoxon and(More)