Taro Maruyama

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OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and immunologic characteristics of fulminant type 1 diabetes, a novel subtype of type 1 diabetes, we conducted a nationwide survey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS History and laboratory data, including islet-related autoantibodies, were examined in 222 patients with fulminant and nonfulminant type 1 diabetes in our(More)
The protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor 22 gene (PTPN22) maps to human chromosome 1p13.3-p13.1 and encodes an important negative regulator of T-cell activation, lymphoid-specific phosphatase (Lyp). Recently, the minor allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at nucleotide position 1858 (rs2476601, +1858C > T) was found to be associated with(More)
Vitamin D has been shown to exert manifold immunomodulatory effects. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is regarded to be immune-mediated and vitamin D prevents the development of diabetes in the NOD mouse. We studied the association between T1DM and the initiation codon polymorphism in exon 2 of the vitamin D receptor gene in a Japanese population. We also(More)
CONTEXT Transracial studies are a powerful tool for genetic association studies of multifactorial diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. The low incidence of type 1 diabetes in Asian countries, however, makes it difficult to perform large-scale studies in Asia. OBJECTIVE To overcome this, we have assembled a multicenter study group in Japan and studied the(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
In 1982 we proposed the presence of a subtype of type 1 diabetes [slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM)], which was characterized by persistently positive islet cell antibody, late age of onset, noninsulin-dependent diabetes, and slowly progressive beta cell failure. Since then many studies demonstrated that this subtype of type 1(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is recognized as a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Vitamin D compounds are known to suppress T-cell activation by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR); and thus, VDR gene polymorphisms may be related to T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. We, therefore, investigated a VDR gene polymorphism in type 1 diabetes. We examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by the rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetes complications. Causative mechanisms for accelerated beta-cell failure are unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects comprised three autopsied patients who died from diabetic ketoacidosis within(More)
Elucidation of the genetic susceptibility factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) is important to gain insight into the pathogenesis of DR, and may help to define genetic risk factors for this condition. In the present study, we conducted a three-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify DR susceptibility loci in Japanese patients, which(More)
CONTEXT Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several novel type 1 diabetes (T1D) loci in white populations. OBJECTIVE In line with recent findings, we conducted a replication study of two loci on chromosome 12p13 and 16p13 and assessed their potential associations with thyroid autoimmunity in a Japanese population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)