Learn More
OBJECTIVE To investigate the vestibular system changes in sudden deafness with vertigo (SDwV) and sudden deafness without vertigo (SDwoV) and the cause of persistent canal paresis (CP) in SDwV patients. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four temporal bones from the affected ear in 4 patients with unilateral sudden deafness (SD), 2(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was aimed to experimentally investigate the effect of returned otoconia on the utricular using isolated utricles. The effect of interposed otoconia in models of canalolithiasis and cupulolithiasis were also investigated using isolated posterior semicircular canal (PSC). METHODS Bullfrogs were used. The utricles (Experiment I) and PSC(More)
CONCLUSION With half-sized cupula, the semicircular canal nerve potentials decreased under slow stimulus, thus potentially leading to reduced caloric response. This also suggests that shrunken cupula may cause dizziness because of its hypermobility. OBJECTIVES To examine the physiological effect of half-sized cupula on the semicircular canal nerve(More)
We report the clinical features of 4 cases with positional or positioning down-beating nystagmus in a head-hanging or supine position without any obvious central nervous system disorder. The 4 cases had some findings in common. There were no abnormal findings on neurological tests or brain MRI. They did not have gaze nystagmus. Their nystagmus was observed(More)
OBJECTIVES Using American bullfrog models under normal conditions and under vestibular dysfunction, we investigated whether mechanical vibration applied to the ear could induce otoconial dislodgement. METHODS Vibration was applied to the labyrinth of the bullfrog using a surgical drill. The time required for the otoconia to dislodge from the utricular(More)
CONCLUSION Patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) with complete canal paresis (CP) showed a higher rate of abnormal ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) than those with partial CP. From these results, it is speculated that the superior vestibular nerve function mainly affects oVEMP. Significant correlation was found between the grades of the(More)
Intermittent positional down beat nystagmus (p-DBN) is rare. We describe an unusual case of intermittent p-DBN which was induced by rotation, anteflexion, and lateral flexion of the neck. A 59-year-old man complained of loss of consciousness and lightheadedness. Positional testing revealed the p-DBN. The evoked p-DBN had latency and the patient had a(More)
The patient was a 52-year-old woman. She had been aware of her bilateral hearing loss since she was 20 years old. The hearing in her left ear started to deteriorate at the age of 49. Pure-tone audiometry showed a bilateral mixed hearing loss. The hearing levels for the right ear and the left ear were 52 dB and 68 dB, respectively. There were no remarkable(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate what kinds of stimuli are effective in detaching otoconia from the cupula in three experimental models of cupulolithiasis. METHODS Three experimental models of cupulolithiasis were prepared using bullfrog labyrinths. Three kinds of stimuli were applied to the experimental models. In experiment one (gravity), the labyrinth(More)