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OBJECTIVE The effects of fish oil including ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on aging and lifespan are not well understood. In this study, the influence of long-term ingestion of fish oil on lifespan was examined in senescence-accelerated (SAMP8) mice. METHODS We investigated the effects of dietary fish oil on lifespan and on lipid composition and(More)
It was recently shown that administration of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) extracted from mulberry suppresses an increase in postprandial blood glucose in humans. These findings are of interest, but other physiological functions of DNJ are unknown. This study examined the effects of oral administration of DNJ (1 mg/kg of body weight/day) or mulberry extracts(More)
In this study, we compared the cytotoxic effects of natural conjugated linolenic acids (CLnAs) on human adenocarcinoma cells (DLD-1) in vitro, with the goal of finding CLnA isomers with strong cytotoxic effects. The antitumor effect of the CLnA with the strongest cytotoxic effect was then examined in mice. The results showed that all CLnA isomers have(More)
To elucidate the role of apoptosis in the disappearance of multinucleated giant cells from the granulation tissue in cases of foreign-body granuloma, we induced a foreign-body reaction by implanting a collagen sponge into the dorsum of the rat and observed apoptotic changes within the multinucleated giant cells using electron microscopy. Two types of(More)
Conjugated fatty acid is a collective term used for fatty acids with conjugated double bond systems. Seed oils from certain plants include conjugated linolenic acids, which have a conjugated triene system and are geometrical and positional isomers of α-linolenic acid. One of these isomers, jacaric acid (JA, 8c, 10t, 12c-18:3), has not been examined widely.(More)
Various factors have been reported to influence lipid metabolism and cause metabolic syndrome. However, the influence of allergy on the liver that plays important role of lipid metabolism has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of allergy on lipid metabolism of liver. A model of atopic dermatitis was developed in the(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term used for fatty acids with a conjugated double bond that are geometrical and positional isomers of linoleic acid. Anti-obesity and anti-cancer properties, an immunopotentiation effect, and promotion of bone formation by CLA have been shown in cell culture and animal studies. A mixture of 9c11t- and(More)
Lipid metabolism in a child may be altered when the mother has a high-fat diet (HFD), but it is unclear whether the lipid metabolism of future offspring (grandchildren) is also changed under these circumstances. In this study, we examined the influence of intake of an HFD beyond one generation on offspring in normal mice. Parent mice fed an HFD were bred(More)
We investigated whether replicative senescence of endothelial cells contributed to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs at a population-doubling level of 30 (PDL30) divided much more slowly than those at PDL9. The percentage of SA-β-Gal-positive cells and the mRNA expression levels of PAI-1 and p21(More)
An understanding of the mechanisms of aging is important for prevention of age-related diseases. In this study, we examined age-dependent changes in lipid metabolism in the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM)P10 fed a high-fat diet to investigate the effects of high-fat intake and aging. Tissue weights and biological parameters in plasma and liver were(More)