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An understanding of the mechanisms of aging is important for prevention of age-related diseases. In this study, we examined age-dependent changes in lipid metabolism in the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM)P10 fed a high-fat diet to investigate the effects of high-fat intake and aging. Tissue weights and biological parameters in plasma and liver were(More)
In this study, to study the effect of aging and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) deficiency on antioxidant ability in mice, we examined whether lipid peroxidation is promoted by aging in ApoE deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice, which have a shorter lifespan than normal mice. The levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), a biomarker of lipid peroxidation,(More)
Recently, we administered fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to senescence-accelerated mice P8 (SAMP8), in order to investigate the effects on lifespan. Surprisingly, the lifespan of SAMP8 that were fed fish oil was shortened significantly, through a mechanism that likely involved lipid peroxidation. In this study, we(More)
The influence of 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) derived from mulberry on senescence of endothelial cells was examined with the goal of discovery of a method for prevention of senescence of blood vessels. The effect of DNJ on senescence of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) promoted under high glucose condition was determined. HUVECs were cultured in(More)
Various factors have been reported to influence lipid metabolism and cause metabolic syndrome. However, the influence of allergy on the liver that plays important role of lipid metabolism has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of allergy on lipid metabolism of liver. A model of atopic dermatitis was developed in the(More)
We have shown previously that jacaric acid (JA; 8c,10t,12c-18:3), which has a conjugated triene system, has a strong anti-tumor effect. However, the characteristics of absorption and metabolism of JA have yet to be determined in vivo, and the details of absorption and metabolism of JA in the small intestine are particularly unclear. This information is(More)
Malnutrition due to aging is partly caused by decreased absorption of nutrients by the gastrointestinal tract. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear and changes in lipid absorption with aging are poorly understood. In this study, changes in lipid absorption with aging were examined in mice aged 3 and 25 months. After overnight fasting, blood samples(More)
NAD+ glycohydrolase (EC activity was detected in the plasma membrane prepared from the primary culture of rat astrocytes. The enzyme has a broad optimum pH range. From the kinetic analysis, a Michaelis constant of 91.2 microM and a maximum velocity of 0.785 mumol/min/mg protein were obtained. ADPribose exhibited a competitive inhibition with(More)
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