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BACKGROUND Recent evidence has suggested that the transient re-conduction of the isolated pulmonary vein (PV) induced by the intravenous injection of adenosine (dormant PV conduction) might predict the incidence of subsequent venous reconnection after the procedure, which is the main cause of the atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after PV isolation (PVI).(More)
BACKGROUND Although several clinical variables are associated with the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) following catheter ablation, the influence of renal function remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of renal function with the outcome of the paroxysmal AF ablation. METHODS 224 patients underwent catheter ablation for(More)
Preconditioning in cultured cardiomyocytes elevates the expression of several protective genes including Glut-4 and heat shock protein (HSP)70. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is known to mediate the transcriptional activation of hypoxia-responsive genes. In this study, we examined the effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of constitutively stable(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenase with a low Michaelis constant (Km), ALDH2, is a major enzyme involved in the conversion of acetaldehyde, a toxic metabolite of ethanol, into acetic acid in the liver. Inherited deficiency of ALDH2 activity is found in half of Japanese, and is characterized by "Oriental flushing" after alcohol consumption. The aim of the present study(More)
BACKGROUND Although clinical studies have suggested a link between inflammation markers and atrial fibrillation (AF), it is still unclear whether local immunologic responses actually exist in human atria during AF. METHODS AND RESULTS To address this point, human left appendages were obtained from 16 patients who underwent cardiac surgery (5 with sinus(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) mediates transcriptional activation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other hypoxia-responsive genes. Transgenic expression of a constitutively stable HIF-1alpha mutant increases the number of vascular vessels without vascular leakage, tissue edema, or inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the(More)
A 47-year-old male with both atrial tachycardia and atrial fibrillation underwent catheter ablation. During the procedure, rapid administration of adenosine triphosphate induced atrial tachycardia. A non-contact mapping system revealed a focal atrial tachycardia originating from the lateral right atrium, which was successfully ablated. Following the(More)
BACKGROUND The limited efficacy and complications of segmental ostial pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for treating atrial fibrillation (AF) have been discussed so, in the present study the feasibility and efficiency of performing segmental pulmonary vein (PV) antrum isolation to treat AF were assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 187 patients with(More)
UNLABELLED PV and Linear Ablation for CFAEs.  INTRODUCTION Linear ablations in the left atrium (LA), in addition to pulmonary vein (PV) isolation, have been demonstrated to be an effective ablation strategy in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF). This study investigated the impact of LA linear ablation on the complex-fractionated atrial(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR), especially the PPARalpha and PPARgamma, are associated with an extraordinary diverse spectrum of cardiovascular diseases including hypertension, angiogenesis, cardiac hypertrophy, and atherosclerosis. PGAR (for PPAR gamma angiopoietin-related gene) is a recently identified PPAR target gene which is(More)