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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine the effects of adenovirus-mediated expression of p35, a baculovirus gene, on apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in cardiomyocytes. METHODS Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were infected with recombinant adenoviral vectors expressing p35 (Ad2/CMVp35) or no transgene (Ad2/CMVEV) and were then subjected to H/R.(More)
OBJECTIVE Thrombin, the final coagulation product of the coagulation cascade, has been demonstrated to have many physiological effects, including pro-fibrotic actions via protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1. Recent investigations have demonstrated that activation of the cardiac local coagulation system was associated with atrial fibrillation. However, the(More)
In addition to classical adrenal cortical biosynthetic pathway, there is increasing evidence that aldosterone is produced in extra-adrenal tissues. Although we previously reported aldosterone production in the heart, the concept of cardiac aldosterone synthesis remains controversial. This is partly due to lack of established experimental models representing(More)
Intracellular sodium ([Na+]i) kinetics are involved in cardiac diseases including ischemia, heart failure, and hypertrophy. Because [Na+]i plays a crucial role in modulating the electrical and contractile activity in the heart, quantifying [Na+]i is of great interest. Using fluorescent microscopy with sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate (SBFI) is the(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction is the single most important cause of morbidity in kidney hemodialysis patients. Failure of an arteriovenous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft, the most common form of hemodialysis access, is primarily due to intimal hyperplasia and thrombosis at the venous anastomosis. METHODS AND RESULTS This study(More)
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