Tarlochan S. Bhatt

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Metabolism of 15,16-dihydro-11-methylcyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one with hamster embryo cells and a human hepatoma cell line HepG2 is compared. Essentially, no metabolism was seen with hamster embryo cells but with the HepG2 cells, especially after induction with benzanthracene or Arochlor, this carcinogenic ketone was metabolized to give(More)
The cyclopenta(a)phenanthrene, 15,16-dihydro-11-methyl-cyclopenta(a)phenanthren-17-one, had potent mutagenic activity in cell-mediated mutation assays with V79 Chinese hamster cells as targets, and cells of the human hepatoma line HepG2 as mediators of activation. The compound was inactive when low-passage hamster embryo cells were used as activators. When(More)
We demonstrate here that the carcinogen 15,16-dihydro-11-methylcyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one can cause sister chromatid exchange in human lymphocytes as well as it can cause mutation in bacterial cells and in V79 hamster cells. The non-methylated parent compound which has no tumorigenic action and yet significantly mutates both Salmonella typhimurium TA(More)
Microsomal metabolites of the carcinogen 15,16-dihydro-11-methylcyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one (Structure I) were separated by high-pressure liquid chromatography, and their structures were established on the basis of their ultraviolet and mass spectra, together with considerations of their general chemical properties. This was assisted by comparisons with(More)
Silica fibres derived from plants are common contaminants of human diet in certain regions of the world where oesophageal cancer reaches extremely high incidences. We show here that one of these types of fibre (derived from Phalaris canariensis L) promotes the occurrence of tumours in the skin of mice initiated with a polycyclic carcinogen. Three(More)
The growth of animal cells in culture can be stimulated very powerfully when they are allowed to extend upon a solid surface. In normal fibroblasts, the maximum is reached either on a plane surface with an area of 2500 micron 2 or on a narrow fibre with a length of 250 micron. This growth-stimulating effect of fibres could help to explain how asbestos(More)
The present study was designed to compare the skin tumor promoting and epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) inducing activities of various structural analogs of anthralin (1,8-dihydroxy-9-anthrone) and chrysarobin (1,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-9-anthrone). Groups of 30 SENCAR mice each were initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene and 2 weeks later(More)
Direct comparison of skin-tumour induction by 15,16-dihydro-11-methylcyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-one (I) and by benzo[a]pyrene on mouse skin, both by repeated application or by initiation with a single dose followed by promotion with croton oil, demonstrated that these two carcinogens have similar potency. After repeated application of (I) the mean latent(More)