Tarja Rajalahti

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Health diets that contain immunostimulants and other functional ingredients can strengthen the immune response in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, and thereby reduce sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, infection levels. Such diets can be used to supplement other treatments and will potentially reduce the need for delousing and medication. A sea lice infection(More)
We provide an overview of latent variable methods used in pharmaceutics and integrated with advanced characterization techniques such as vibrational spectroscopy. The basics of the most common latent variable methods, principal component analysis (PCA), principal component regression (PCR) and partial least-squares (PLS) regression, are presented. Multiple(More)
A system for fluidized bed granulator automation with in-line multichannel near infrared (NIR) moisture measurement and a unique air flow rate measurement design was assembled, and the information gained was investigated. The multivariate process data collected was analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA). The test materials (theophylline and(More)
A battery of methods for multivariate data analysis has been used to assess the associations between concentrations of fatty acids (FAs) and lipoprotein subclasses and particle size in serum for a normolipidemic population of ethnic Norwegians living in the rural Fjord region. Significant gender differences were found in the lipoprotein and FA patterns.(More)
The discriminating variable (DIVA) test and the selectivity ratio (SR) plot are developed as quantitative tools for revealing the variables in spectral or chromatographic profiles discriminating best between two groups of samples. The SR plot is visually similar to a spectrum or a chromatogram, but with the most intense regions corresponding to the most(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a perfect source to search for new biomarkers to improve early diagnosis of neurological diseases. Standardization of pre-analytical handling of the sample is, however, important to obtain acceptable analytical quality. In the present study, MALDI-TOF MS was used to examine the influence of pre-analytical sample procedures on(More)
Mass spectral profiles from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are used as input to a novel multivariate approach to select features responsible for the separation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) from control groups. Our targeted statistical approach makes it possible to systematically remove features in the spectral fingerprints masking the components(More)
Mass spectral profiles are influenced by several factors that have no relation to compositional differences between samples: baseline effects, shifts in mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) (synchronization/alignment problem), structured noise (heteroscedasticity), and, differences in signal intensities (normalization problem). Different procedures for pretreatment(More)
Cyanobacteria have a cell envelope consisting of a plasma membrane, a periplasmic space with a peptidoglycan layer, and an outer membrane. A third, separate membrane system, the intracellular thylakoid membranes, is the site for both photosynthesis and respiration. All membranes and luminal spaces have unique protein compositions, which impose an intriguing(More)
Concentrations in serum were determined for 18 fatty acids (FAs) and 21 lipoprotein main and subclasses by chromatographic analyses and the average size was calculated for very low density (VLDL), low density (LDL) and high density (HDL) particles. 283 ethnic Norwegian children and adults from the rural Fjord region of Western Norway were compared with the(More)