Tarja Heiskanen

Learn More
BACKGROUND Oxycodone is metabolized in the liver by means of O-demethylation to form oxymorphone in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). This enzyme is expressed as 2 phenotypes (extensive and poor metabolizers). Several drugs are metabolized by CYP2D6, and clinically relevant drug interactions may occur. The aim of this study(More)
Controlled-release (CR) formulations of oxycodone and morphine were compared in 45 patients with chronic cancer pain. The study was started with an open-label, randomised titration phase to achieve stable pain control for at least 48 h, followed by a double-blind, randomised, crossover phase in two periods, 3-6 days each. To blind the study using available(More)
In a prospective study, 179 adult women (age range, 17-82 years) were followed up for 12 months after an index episode of community-acquired cystitis caused by Escherichia coli. Episodes of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) were recorded, and urinary isolates were compared with the index episode isolate; 147 UTI episodes were detected during the(More)
Breakthrough pain (BKP) is a transitory flare of pain that occurs on a background of relatively well controlled baseline pain. Previous surveys have found that BKP is highly prevalent among patients with cancer pain and predicts more severe pain, pain-related distress and functional impairment, and relatively poor quality of life. An international group of(More)
During the past 10 years Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has emerged as one of the most important causes of food-borne infections in industrialized countries. In Finland, with a population of 5.1 million, however, only four STEC O157:H7 infections were identified from 1990 through 1995; the occurrence of non-O157 STEC infections was unknown.(More)
Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic that closely resembles morphine. Oxymorphone, the active metabolite of oxycodone, is formed in a reaction catalyzed by CYP2D6, which is under polymorphic genetic control. The role of oxymorphone in the analgesic effect of oxycodone is not yet clear. In this study, controlled-release (CR) oxycodone and morphine were examined(More)
Ten patients who suffered from severe cancer-related pain participated in a randomised, double-blind and cross-over study to compare the effectiveness and acceptability of epidural and subcutaneous administration of morphine. The patients titrated themselves pain-free in 48 h using a patient controlled analgesia system. The median daily doses calculated(More)
Escherichia coli strains isolated from the urine in 49 consecutive episodes of community-acquired pyelonephritis in adult women were characterized for adhesins and hemolysin production. The mean age of the patients was 56 years and 47% had at least 1 compromising condition. P fimbriae was found in 67% and hemolysin production in 35% of the strains; these(More)
Stool specimens of Finns (n = 695) with (n = 603) and without (n = 92) diarrhea were studied for enteropathogenic (EPEC), enteroaggregative (EAEC) and Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) Escherichia coli by PCR. The specific isolates were subsequently investigated for their O:H serotypes and were genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A subset (n =(More)
Fentanyl is an opioid with high lipid solubility, suitable for intravenous, spinal, transmucosal and transdermal administration. The transdermal fentanyl patch has become widely used in the treatment of both malignant and non-malignant chronic pain. The absorption of fentanyl from the patch is governed by the surface area of the patch, by skin permeability(More)