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Neurons of the reticular thalamus (RT) display oscillatory burst discharges that are believed to be critical for thalamocortical network oscillations related to absence epilepsy. Ca²+-dependent mechanisms underlie such oscillatory discharges. However, involvement of high-voltage activated (HVA) Ca²+ channels in this process has been discounted. We examined(More)
The Penan people of Malaysian Borneo were traditionally nomads of the rainforest. They would leave messages in the jungle for each other by shaping natural objects into language tokens and arranging these symbols in specific ways -- much like words in a sentence. With settlement, the language is being lost as it is not being used by the younger generation.(More)
Participation is a key requirement to ensure that ICT4D and HCI4D projects succeed. Specifically, the relationship between the research and community is necessary for any ICT4D project; without this cooperation, the proverbial white elephant project will result. Existing literature provides much evidence on the need and importance of this participation.(More)
The extinction of indigenous languages, which convey cultural worldviews, remains a continued threat to cultural heritage preservation. The nomadic Penans in the rainforests of Malaysian Borneo, have developed Oroo', their own forest sign language, to communicate with each other. Yet with recent developments the younger generations are drawn more to(More)
Being engaged in long term collaborations with indigenous communities requires a continuous adjustment of interaction protocols beyond set projects. Although the Long Lamai community in Malaysia developed a detailed cultural protocol for guest researchers, numerous conflicts were still recorded. In this paper we present our most recent approach to overcome(More)
In this paper we explore the opportunities of mobile technologies in three of our own development endeavors with rural communities, promoting the preservation of indigenous knowledge. We reflect upon and recognize the fact that the representation of indigenous knowledge will be transformed within the digitalization process under the limitations and(More)
This study set out to bridge the gap in the relevant literature by exploring the relationships among organizational life cycle stages and different traits of organizational culture in the context of higher education institutions. For this purpose, perceptions were taken on both of the study variables from a total of 302 full-time senior faculty members and(More)