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For labor pain management epidural analgesia is a popular and an effective method. Difficult removal of epidural catheters occasionally occurs, and several maneuvers have been recommended. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of the problem of retained epidural catheter fragments and identify the potential impact of complications.
BACKGROUND Tramadol is an atypical analgesic agent. It has been shown that intramuscular or intravenous injection tramadol is able to inhibit M3 muscarinic receptors. Tramadol is able to mediate smooth muscles contraction and glandular secretions. We have evaluated the effects of single oral dose of tramadol given preoperatively on gastric juices pH in… (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the conventional practice of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff inflation and pressure measurement as compared to the instrumental method. STUDY DESIGN Prospective observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Department of Anaesthesia, King Saud University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (June 2014-July 2014). METHODS A total of 100… (More)
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) was first described by Maurice Klippel and Andre Feil in 1912 in a patient with congenital fusion of cervical vertebrae 1. KFS is a complex syndrome of osseous and visceral anomalies that include the classical clinical triad of short neck, limitation of head and neck movements and low posterior hairline 2. It is associated with… (More)