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INTRODUCTION The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) was developed to provide an easily administered and interpreted means of assessing levels of physical activity among adults older than 50 years. METHODS A systematic review of the literature, a survey of geriatricians, focus groups, and cognitive debriefings with older adults were conducted,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based aquatic exercise program for improved quality of life among persons with osteoarthritis. METHOD Two hundred forty-nine adults with osteoarthritis were enrolled in a 20-wk randomized controlled trial of a preexisting community-based aquatic exercise program versus control. Intervention group(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess sexual education and sexual functioning in adolescents and young adults with spina bifida. DESIGN Survey, inception cohort. SETTING The community. PARTICIPANTS A cohort of adolescents and young adults (N=121; range, 15-35 y; 58% women) enrolled in a longitudinal pediatric database. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
Findings from the first twin analysis using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) and a phenyl ethyl alcohol (PEA) threshold detection test are presented. A genetic influence on odor identification was suggested for males, but not for females, consistent with previous twin research on physical measures. In addition, females scored(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate cost and outcomes of the Arthritis Foundation aquatic exercise classes from the societal perspective. DESIGN Randomized trial of 20-week aquatic classes. Cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained was estimated using trial data. Sample size was based on 80% power to reject the null hypothesis that the cost/QALY gained would(More)
The psychometric properties of the Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Research Version (YQOL-R) perceptual module are presented. Self-reports were obtained from 236 youth aged 12-18 years with mobility disability, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or without self-reported chronic conditions. Item and factor analyses confirmed the hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence exists demonstrating the benefits of exercise for people with osteoarthritis, but little is known about whether exercise programs are effective, that is, whether the benefits of exercise can be seen in "real life" programs for "normal" people under nonlaboratory conditions. OBJECTIVE To identify characteristics of and outcomes for(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe stigma experiences of adolescents with congenital and acquired facial differences. DESIGN Used baseline cross-sectional stigma-related responses from a four site (Seattle WA, Galveston TX, Chicago IL and Chapel Hill NC) US study enrolling 185 English speaking, US participants ages 1118 years old with facial differences (60% male;(More)
Most psychosocial research on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has focused on deficits in school, family, or behavioral functioning without incorporating perceived quality of life (QoL) or the adolescents' perspective. The Youth Quality of Life Instrument--Research Version (YQOL-R), was used to assess self-perceived QoL in a community sample(More)