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Findings from the first twin analysis using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) and a phenyl ethyl alcohol (PEA) threshold detection test are presented. A genetic influence on odor identification was suggested for males, but not for females, consistent with previous twin research on physical measures. In addition, females scored(More)
INTRODUCTION The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) was developed to provide an easily administered and interpreted means of assessing levels of physical activity among adults older than 50 years. METHODS A systematic review of the literature, a survey of geriatricians, focus groups, and cognitive debriefings with older adults were conducted,(More)
The psychometric properties of the Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Research Version (YQOL-R) perceptual module are presented. Self-reports were obtained from 236 youth aged 12-18 years with mobility disability, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or without self-reported chronic conditions. Item and factor analyses confirmed the hypothesized(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the self-perceived quality of life (QoL) of adolescents with and without disabilities. METHOD A school-based survey was conducted with 2801 7th to 12th grade students in a rural area of the United States. The Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Surveillance Module and the Youth Quality of Life Group-Disability Screener were completed. (More)
Genetic and environmental influences in the determination of individual differences in self-reported symptoms of separation anxiety (SAD), overanxious disorder (OAD), and manifest anxiety (MANX) were evaluated in children and adolescents for three age groups (8-10, 11-13, and 14-16). Symptom counts for SAD and OAD were assessed for 1,412 twin pairs using(More)
Parental reports and children's self-reports of manifest anxiety were obtained from a community-based sample of twin pairs on two occasions approximately 19 months apart, using the Revised Child Manifest Anxiety Scale (Reynolds & Richmond, 1978). In prior cross-sectional studies, a low degree of agreement between parent and child assessments of anxiety was(More)
INTRODUCTION We report on development and preliminary validation of a brief, telephone-based measurement tool for assessing physical activity in older adults. The Telephone Assessment of Physical Activity (TAPA) questionnaire is based on the University of Washington Health Promotion Research Center's Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA), a written(More)
Interindividual variation in odor identification and olfactory sensitivity has been explained primarily with reference to age, sex and/or experiential factors. A twin study of olfaction can, therefore, substantially contribute to current research in this area. Thirty-nine monozygotic and twenty dizygotic twin pairs have completed the University of(More)
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