Tarek A. Leil

Learn More
The trafficking of GABA(A) receptors is an important component of the pathway that regulates plasticity of inhibitory synapses. The 17 kDa GABA(A) receptor-associated protein (GABARAP) has been implicated in the trafficking of GABA(A) receptors because of its ability to interact not only with the gamma2 subunit of the receptor but also with microtubules and(More)
We investigated the ubiquitin-like modification of GABA(A) receptor-associated protein (GABARAP) and its function. A fusion protein of GABARAP with v5 in the N terminus and myc in the C terminus was expressed in rat cultured hippocampal neurons and PC12 cells. Western blotting with antibodies to v5 and myc revealed that the C terminus of GABARAP was cleaved(More)
The genetic mechanisms underlying learning and memory remain mysterious, but many of the genes are likely to be expressed in the hippocampus, a region pivotal to this process. We used a 9,000 gene microarray to examine differences in hippocampal gene expression between two F1 hybrid mouse strains that perform well on the Morris water maze and two inbred(More)
GABA(A) receptor-associated protein (GABARAP) was isolated previously in a yeast two-hybrid screen using the intracellular loop of the gamma2 subunit of the GABA(A) receptor as bait. GABARAP has been shown to participate in the membrane-clustering and intracellular-trafficking of GABA(A) receptors, including a stimulation of the surface expression of(More)
In the kidney, glucose in glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed primarily by sodium-glucose cotransporters 1 (SGLT1) and 2 (SGLT2) along the proximal tubules. SGLT2 has been characterized as a high capacity, low affinity pathway responsible for reabsorption of the majority of filtered glucose in the early part of proximal tubules, and SGLT1 reabsorbs the(More)
Integrins link the extracellular matrix to the cellular cytoskeleton and serve important roles in cell growth, differentiation, migration, and survival. Ablation of beta1 integrin in all murine tissues results in peri-implantation embryonic lethality. To investigate the role of beta1 integrin in the myocardium, we used Cre-LoxP technology to inactivate the(More)
Integrins link the extracellular matrix to the cellular cytoskeleton and serve important roles in cell growth, differentiation, migration, and survival. Ablation of 1 integrin in all murine tissues results in peri-implantation embryonic lethality. To investigate the role of 1 integrin in the myocardium, we used Cre-LoxP technology to inactivate the 1(More)
Tolerance is an important component of opiate addiction, but the molecular basis for this phenomenon remains obscure. Here, we report that mice lacking neurotrophin-4 (NT4) display substantially reduced tolerance to morphine compared to wild-type. However, there were no deficits in sensitization and withdrawal, other behaviors relevant to drug addiction.(More)
Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) modeling has become increasingly important in pharmaceutical research and development, and is a powerful tool to gain mechanistic insights into the complex dynamics of biological systems in response to drug treatment. However, even once a suitable mathematical framework to describe the pathophysiology and mechanisms(More)
Citation: Leil TA and Ermakov S (2015) Editorial: The emerging discipline of quantitative systems pharmacology. Quantitative Systems Pharmacology (QSP) has emerged recently as an approach that integrates knowledge coming from multiple disciplines including drug pharmacology, systems biology, physiology, mathematics and biochemistry. QSP was formally defined(More)