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Skin penetration enhancers are used to allow formulation of transdermal delivery systems for drugs that are otherwise insufficiently skin-permeable. A full understanding of the mode of action could be beneficial for the design of potent enhancers and for the choice of the enhancer to be used in the topical formulation of a special drug. In this study, the(More)
The permeability coefficients (log kp) of solutes through stratum corneum have been previously related to the octanol-water partition coefficients (log Poct) and solvatochromic parameters. In this study, permeation coefficient data are related to the theoretical chemistry-derived structural parameters and also molecular connectivity and molecular shape(More)
Lorazepam is an anxiolytic, antidepressant agent, having suitable feature for transdermal delivery. The percutaneous permeation of lorazepam was investigated in rat skin after application of a water:propylene glycol (50:50%v/v). The enhancing effects of various surfactants (sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), benzalkonium(More)
The percutaneous permeation of diazepam was investigated in rat skin after application of a water-propylene glycol (50:50% v/v) using a diffusion cell technique. The effect of various surfactants (sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), benzalkonium chloride or Tween 80) with different concentrations on skin permeability were(More)
Draize rabbit eye test scores, as modified maximum average score (MMAS), for 68 pure bulk liquids were adjusted by the liquid-saturated vapor pressure P. These 68 adjusted scores, as log (MMAS/P), were shown to be completely equivalent to eye irritation thresholds (EIT), expressed as log (1/EIT), for 23 compounds in humans. Thus, for the first time the(More)
Histamine H3 receptors are presynaptic autoreceptors found in both central and peripheral nervous systems of many species. The central effects of these receptors suggest a potential therapeutic role for their antagonists in treatment of several neurological disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The purpose of this(More)
Class imbalance occurs frequently in drug discovery data sets. In oral absorption data sets, in the literature, there are considerably more highly absorbed compounds compared to poorly absorbed compounds. This produces models that are biased toward highly absorbed compounds which lack generalization to industry settings where more early stage drug(More)
INTRODUCTION The prediction of plasma protein binding (ppb) is of paramount importance in the pharmacokinetics characterization of drugs, as it causes significant changes in volume of distribution, clearance and drug half life. This study utilized Quantitative Structure - Activity Relationships (QSAR) for the prediction of plasma protein binding. METHODS(More)
Novel treatment options are needed for the successful therapy of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma. Here, we investigated the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor SNS-032 in a panel of 109 neuroblastoma cell lines consisting of 19 parental cell lines and 90 sublines with acquired resistance to 14 different anticancer drugs. Seventy-three percent of(More)
Terpenes and sesquiterpenes have been suggested as promising non-toxic, non-irritating transdermal penetration enhancers. This investigation aimed to study the effect of terpene concentration on the transdermal absorption of diclofenac sodium from ethanol:glycerin:phosphate buffer solution (60:10:30). Therefore, enhancing effects of various terpenes(More)