Taravat Ghafourian

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Class imbalance occurs frequently in drug discovery data sets. In oral absorption data sets, in the literature, there are considerably more highly absorbed compounds compared to poorly absorbed compounds. This produces models that are biased toward highly absorbed compounds which lack generalization to industry settings where more early stage drug(More)
Lorazepam is an anxiolytic, antidepressant agent, having suitable feature for transdermal delivery. The percutaneous permeation of lorazepam was investigated in rat skin after application of a water:propylene glycol (50:50%v/v). The enhancing effects of various surfactants (sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), benzalkonium(More)
Draize rabbit eye test scores, as modified maximum average score (MMAS), for 68 pure bulk liquids were adjusted by the liquid-saturated vapor pressure P. These 68 adjusted scores, as log (MMAS/P), were shown to be completely equivalent to eye irritation thresholds (EIT), expressed as log (1/EIT), for 23 compounds in humans. Thus, for the first time the(More)
Skin penetration enhancers are used to allow formulation of transdermal delivery systems for drugs that are otherwise insufficiently skin-permeable. A full understanding of the mode of action could be beneficial for the design of potent enhancers and for the choice of the enhancer to be used in the topical formulation of a special drug. In this study, the(More)
Histamine H3 receptors are presynaptic autoreceptors found in both central and peripheral nervous systems of many species. The central effects of these receptors suggest a potential therapeutic role for their antagonists in treatment of several neurological disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The purpose of this(More)
INTRODUCTION The prediction of plasma protein binding (ppb) is of paramount importance in the pharmacokinetics characterization of drugs, as it causes significant changes in volume of distribution, clearance and drug half life. This study utilized Quantitative Structure - Activity Relationships (QSAR) for the prediction of plasma protein binding. METHODS(More)
In vitro methods are commonly used in order to estimate the extent of systemic absorption of chemicals through skin. Due to the wide variability of experimental procedures, types of skin and data analytical methods, the resulting permeation measures varies significantly between laboratories and individuals. Inter-laboratory and inter-individual variations(More)
The influence of glycyrrhizin extracted from Glycyrrhiza glabra var. glandulifera (licorice roots) on the percutaneous absorption of diclofenac sodium from sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) gels or oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion was investigated. Skin permeation experiments were carried out using excised abdominal rat skin. The results showed that the(More)
Efflux by the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters affects the pharmacokinetic profile of drugs and it has been implicated in drug-drug interactions as well as its major role in multi-drug resistance in cancer. It is therefore important for the pharmaceutical industry to be able to understand what phenomena rule ABC substrate recognition. Considering a(More)
The permeability coefficients (log kp) of solutes through stratum corneum have been previously related to the octanol-water partition coefficients (log Poct) and solvatochromic parameters. In this study, permeation coefficient data are related to the theoretical chemistry-derived structural parameters and also molecular connectivity and molecular shape(More)