Tarak Nath Mandal

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Inorganic–organic hybrid structures have become innovative alternatives for next-generation dye-sensitized solar cells, because they combine the advantages of both systems. Here, we introduce a layered sandwich-type architecture, the core of which comprises a bicontinuous three-dimensional nanocomposite of mesoporous (mp)-TiO2, with CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite as(More)
Chemically tuned inorganic-organic hybrid materials, based on CH3NH3(═MA)Pb(I(1-x)Br(x))3 perovskites, have been studied using UV-vis absorption and X-ray diffraction patterns and applied to nanostructured solar cells. The band gap engineering brought about by the chemical management of MAPb(I(1-x)Br(x))3 perovskites can be controllably tuned to cover(More)
Crosstalk minimization is one of the most important high performance aspects in interconnecting VLSI circuits. With advancement of fabrication technology, devices and interconnecting wires are placed in closer proximity and circuits operate at higher frequencies. This results in crosstalk between wire segments. Crosstalk minimization problem for the(More)
The photovoltaic performance of Sb2 Se3 -sensitized heterojunction solar cells, which were fabricated by a simple deposition of Sb2 Se3 on mesoporous TiO2 by an approach that features multiple cycles of spin coating with a single-source precursor solution and thermal decomposition, is reported.(More)
Minimization of total (vertical) wire length is one of the most important problems in laying out blocks in VLSI physical design. Minimization of wire length not only reduces the cost of physical wiring required, but also reduces the electrical hazards of having long wires in the interconnection, power consumption, and signal propagation delays. Since the(More)
With the advancement of fabrication technology, devices and interconnecting wires are being placed in closer proximity and circuits are operating at higher frequencies. This results in crosstalk between overlapping wire segments. Work on routing channels with reduced crosstalk is a very important area for current research. The crosstalk minimization problem(More)
A pyrazole based ditopic ligand (PzOAP), prepared by the reaction between 5-methylpyrazole-3-carbohydrazide and methyl ester of imino picolinic acid, reacts with Cu(NO3)2.6H2O to form a self-assembled, ferromagnetically coupled, alkoxide bridged tetranuclear homoleptic Cu(II) square grid-complex [Cu4(PzOAP)4(NO3)2] (NO3)2.4H2O (1) with a central(More)
The ditopic ligand PyPzOAPz (N-[(Z)-amino(pyrazin-2-yl)methylidene]-5-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carbohydrazonic acid) was synthesized by in situ condensation of methyl imino pyrazine-2-carboxylate with 5-methyl-1-(2-pyridyl) pyrazole-3-carbohydrazide. In this work we have also used two of our earlier ligands PzCAP(More)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have experienced a tremendous growth during last few decades as porous crystalline molecular materials. The comprehensive effect of structural diversity, tunability and high surface area makes MOFs suitable for multifarious applications. MOFs can act as potential receptors toward different target components along with ionic(More)
The main objective of VLSI channel routing problem is to compute a feasible reduced area routing solution which reduces the height of the channel. A channel is a rectangular routing region with two open ends (left and right) and two sets of fixed terminals (top terminals and bottom terminals) are placed in the upper and lower sides of the channel. A net is(More)