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Within the endemic invertebrate faunas of hydrothermal vents, five biogeographic provinces are recognized. Invertebrates at two Indian Ocean vent fields (Kairei and Edmond) belong to a sixth province, despite ecological settings and invertebrate-bacterial symbioses similar to those of both western Pacific and Atlantic vents. Most organisms found at these(More)
Chemoautotrophic endosymbionts residing in Solemya velum gills provide this shallow water clam with most of its nutritional requirements. The cbb gene cluster of the S. velum symbiont, including cbbL and cbbS, which encode the large and small subunits of the carbon-fixing enzyme ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO), was cloned and(More)
Previous studies on bats from this laboratory have revealed the presence of exceptionally high circulating levels of glucocorticoids in two species of the sub-order Megachiroptera. In the present study, the following questions were asked: (1) what effect does the routine handling and examination of captive bats have on the activity of their(More)
Presented here is the complete genome sequence of Thiomicrospira crunogena XCL-2, representative of ubiquitous chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. This gammaproteobacterium has a single chromosome (2,427,734 base pairs), and its genome illustrates many of the adaptations that have enabled it to thrive(More)
Recent evidence suggests that deep-sea vestimentiferan tube worms acquire their endosymbiotic bacteria from the environment each generation; thus, free-living symbionts should exist. Here, free-living tube worm symbiont phylotypes were detected in vent seawater and in biofilms at multiple deep-sea vent habitats by PCR amplification, DNA sequence analysis,(More)
Broad variation among anoxygenic reaction centers makes it essential to consider a wide variety when considering the origins of photosynthesis. The photosynthetic core antenna domain in the gene pshA from Heliophilum fasciatum was sequenced doubling the number of core sequences available from heliobacteria. The sequence shares a pattern of hydrophobicity(More)
Marine invertebrates hosting chemosynthetic bacterial symbionts are known from multiple phyla and represent remarkable diversity in form and function. The deep-sea hydrothermal vent limpet Lepetodrilus fucensis from the Juan de Fuca Ridge complex hosts a gill symbiosis of particular interest because it displays a morphology unique among molluscs:(More)
Many autotrophic microorganisms are likely to adapt to scarcity in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC; CO2 + HCO3- + CO32-) with CO2 concentrating mechanisms (CCM) that actively transport DIC across the cell membrane to facilitate carbon fixation. Surprisingly, DIC transport has been well studied among cyanobacteria and microalgae only. The deep-sea vent(More)
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