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In the present study, the effect of exercise training on the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the human skeletal muscle was investigated. Ten subjects exercised one leg for 45 min with restricted blood flow and then exercised the other leg at the same absolute workload with unrestricted blood flow. The exercises were conducted(More)
Capillary growth in skeletal muscle occurs via the dissimilar processes of abluminal sprouting or longitudinal splitting, which can be initiated by muscle stretch and elevated shear stress, respectively. The distinct morphological hallmarks of these types of capillary growth suggest that discrete sets of angiogenic mediators play a role in each situation.(More)
Under physiological nonhypoxic conditions, angiogenesis can be driven by mechanical forces. However, because of the limitations of the specific gene expression analysis of microvessels from in vivo experiments, the mechanisms regulating the coordinated expression of angiogenic factors implicated in the process remain intangible. In this study, the technique(More)
The angiostatic nature of pharmacological doses of glucocorticoid steroids is well known. However, the consequences of pathophysiological elevation of endogenous glucocorticoids are not well established. In the current study, we hypothesized that the angiostatic effect of corticosterone, an endogenous glucocorticoid in rodents, occurs through multi-faceted(More)
Proteolysis of the basement membrane and interstitial matrix occurs early in the angiogenic process and requires matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. Skeletal muscle microvascular endothelial cells exhibit robust actin stress fibers, low levels of membrane type 1 (MT1)-MMP expression, and minimal MMP-2 activation. Depolymerization of the actin(More)
Skeletal muscle overload induces the expression of angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, leading to new capillary growth. We found that the overload-induced increase in angiogenesis, as well as increases in VEGF, MMP-2 and MT1-MMP transcripts were abrogated in muscle VEGF KO mice,(More)
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterized by chronic muscle ischemia. Compensatory angiogenesis is minimal within ischemic muscle despite an increase in angiogenic factors. This may occur due to the prevalence of angiostatic factors. Regulatory mechanisms that could evoke an angiostatic environment during ischemia are largely unknown. Forkhead box O(More)
High expression levels of human double minute-2 (Hdm2) are often associated with increased risk of cancer. Hdm2 is well established as an oncoprotein exerting various tumorigenic effects. Conversely, the physiological functions of Hdm2 in nontumor cells and healthy tissues remain largely unknown. We previously demonstrated that exercise training stimulates(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced expression of cell cycle inhibitor p27(kip1) suppresses cell proliferation. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) delays progression of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) but its effect on p27(kip1) expression is uncertain. AIMS To analyze the expression of p27(kip1) and its transcription modulator FoxO1 in patients with PBC, and to assess the(More)
Diabetes is rapidly induced in young male Sprague-Dawley rats following treatment with exogenous corticosterone (CORT) and a high-fat diet (HFD). Regular exercise alleviates insulin insensitivity and improves pancreatic β-cell function in insulin-resistant/diabetic rodents, but its effect in an animal model of elevated glucocorticoids is unknown. We(More)