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Chronic administration of beta,beta'-iminodipropionitrile causes a persistent syndrome of excitement, choreoathetoid movements, and circling (the "ECC-syndrome") which persists indefinitely after termination of the IDPN injections. Ro 22-1319 is a specific D-2 dopamine receptor antagonist which was recently synthesized to fit a hypothetical model of the D-2(More)
The effects of drugs with selective action on alpha 1- or alpha 2-adrenoceptors were investigated on persistent head twitches, vertical neck dyskinesia, and the random circling behaviors induced by chronic intraperitoneal injections of IDPN. The alpha agonist clonidine and the alpha antagonist prazosin inhibited the IDPN-induced behavioral syndrome whereas(More)
The management of soft tissue injury after facial trauma poses unique challenges to the plastic surgeon, given the specialized nature of facial tissue and the aesthetic importance of the face. The general principles of trauma management and wound care are applied in all cases. The management of severe injuries to the face is discussed in relation to the(More)
The effects of naltrexone on the persistent movement disorder induced in mice by the neurotoxic substance IDPN were examined. Naltrexone (2-4 mg/kg, IP) significantly reduced the hyperactivity and the stereotypic behaviors induced by IDPN. Fifteen minutes after the injection of naltrexone, the dyskinetic neck movements were almost completely inhibited at(More)
Although most cases of thyroid eye disease (TED) can be managed medically, some refractory or severe cases are treated surgically with orbital decompression. Due to a lack of randomized controlled trials comparing surgical techniques for orbital decompression, none have been deemed superior. Thus, each case of TED is managed based on patient characteristics(More)
Congenital blepharoptosis, caused by levator muscle dysgenesis, presents at birth and may lead to disturbed visual development and function. Other causes of ptosis in pediatric patients can be myogenic, neurogenic, mechanical, or traumatic. Timely correction is, therefore, critical, and careful preoperative planning and intraoperative considerations are(More)