Tara E Nicholson

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The effect of central nervous system inflammation on the levels and activity of hepatic and brain cytochrome P450 were examined in the rat. Brain ethoxyresorufin dealkylkase (EROD) was depressed during localized inflammatory responses evoked by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injected into the lateral ventricle. This loss was accompanied by a concomitant loss of(More)
During inflammatory responses in the brain, the expression of cytochrome P450 isoforms in the CNS are modulated and the capacity of the brain to metabolize drugs and to synthesize or degrade certain endogenous chemicals and drugs is diminished. While this response can be attributed in part, to the production and action of cytokines within the brain, it is(More)
A role for cytokines as mediators of the depression in cytochrome P450 activity in brain and liver during CNS inflammation is proposed. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was given directly into the lateral ventricle of the brain to mimic a localized CNS infection. CYP1A activity and protein in both brain and liver were depressed in response to this treatment. The(More)
The adipocyte enhancer-binding protein (AEBP1) is a transcriptional repressor with carboxypeptidase activity. AEBP1 expression is down-regulated during adipogenesis. Aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP) is a non-nuclear isoform of AEBP1 that has an N-terminal extension of 380 amino acids. ACLP expression is up-regulated during vascular smooth muscle(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, but the molecular basis for obesity is poorly understood. The transcriptional repressor AEBP1, which functions as a negative regulator of PTEN through a protein-protein interaction, is highly expressed in the stromal compartment of adipose tissues, including proliferative(More)
Activation of systemic host defense mechanisms results in the down-regulation of cytochrome P450 enzymes in the liver. This occurs for various induced and constitutive isoforms of cytochrome P450 in response to cytokines such as IFNs, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha, which are produced during infection. Although the levels of cytochrome P450 in brain regions are(More)
The interaction and modulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes by infection and inflammation has been well described both in clinical settings and in animal models. Recent evidence found that inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) leads to alterations in cytochrome P450 activity in both brain and liver. The bacterial endotoxin(More)
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