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Apoptosis is essential for clearance of potentially injurious inflammatory cells and subsequent efficient resolution of inflammation. Here we report that human neutrophils contain functionally active cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), and that structurally diverse CDK inhibitors induce caspase-dependent apoptosis and override powerful anti-apoptosis signals(More)
Eosinophils are major players in inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever and eczema. Here we show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKi) R-roscovitine efficiently and rapidly induces human eosinophil apoptosis using flow cytometric analysis of annexin-V/propidium iodide staining, morphological analysis by light microscopy,(More)
Successful resolution of inflammation requires inflammatory cells such as neutrophils to undergo apoptosis prior to non-inflammatory phagocytosis by professional phagocytes. Recently, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors (e.g. R-roscovitine) have been shown to induce neutrophil apoptosis and enhance the resolution of inflammation. Interestingly,(More)
During apoptosis, the Golgi complex becomes fragmented and key proteins (e.g., GRASP65 and p115) are targets for caspase cleavage. GM130, an integral membrane protein, contributes to the maintenance of Golgi structure and facilitates membrane fusion with secretory vesicles. We show that GM130 levels decrease during Fas-induced apoptosis but not during(More)
BACKGROUND The cytoprotective nature of nitric oxide (NO) led to development of NO-aspirins in the hope of overcoming the gastric side-effects of aspirin. However, the NO moiety gives these hybrids potential for actions further to their aspirin-mediated anti-platelet and anti-inflammatory effects. Having previously shown that novel NO-aspirin hybrids(More)
Crithidia fasciculata is a monogenetic parasite of insects. It grows in fully defined media without requiring serum, which facilitates biochemical analysis. We have constructed a series of expression systems that allows expression of transfected genes in the kinetoplastid protozoa Crithidia and Leishmania. These cells can be readily transfected with plasmid(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils not only defend the body against parasitic infection but are also involved in pathological inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and contact dermatitis. Clearance of apoptotic eosinophils by macrophages is a key process responsible for driving the resolution of eosinophilic inflammation and can be defective(More)
GCs are highly effective in treating a wide range of inflammatory diseases but are limited in their ability to control neutrophilic lung inflammation in conditions such as COPD. Neutrophil apoptosis, a central feature of inflammation resolution, is delayed in response to microenvironmental cues, such as hypoxia and inflammatory cytokines, present at(More)
The role of resident renal mononuclear phagocytes in acute kidney injury is controversial with experimental data suggesting both deleterious and protective functions. To help resolve this, we used mice transgenic for the human diphtheria toxin receptor under the control of the CD11b promoter and treated them with diphtheria toxin, or liposomal clodronate,(More)
AIMS Regression of albuminuria and renal fibrosis occurs in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) following tight control of blood glucose and blood pressure, however the pathways that promote regression remain poorly understood and we wished to characterize these using a rodent model. METHODS Diabetes was induced with streptozotocin in Cyp1a1mRen2 rats(More)