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The devR-devS two-component system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified earlier and partially characterized in our laboratory. A devR::kan mutant of M. tuberculosis was constructed by allelic exchange. The devR mutant strain showed reduced cell-to-cell adherence in comparison to the parental strain in laboratory culture media. This phenotype was(More)
BACKGROUND Aggregation of unfolded proteins occurs mainly through the exposed hydrophobic surfaces. Any mechanism of inhibition of this aggregation should explain the prevention of these hydrophobic interactions. Though arginine is prevalently used as an aggregation suppressor, its mechanism of action is not clearly understood. We propose a mechanism based(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune, systemic and inflammatory rheumatic disease that leads to inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues. Identification of novel protein(s) associated with severity of RA is a prerequisite for better understanding of pathogenesis of this disease that may also have potential to serve as novel(More)
Tubular aggregate myopathy (TAM) is a rare form of myopathy with an autosomal dominant or recessive pattern. Four rare cases of TAM are described. All patients presented with muscle aches and pains, sometimes cramps. Muscle biopsies were snap frozen and processed for routine, special, enzyme, and immunohistochemistry. Tissue was also processed for electron(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common neurodegenerative disease characterized by both extra- as well as intracellular deposition of amyloid beta peptides (Abeta). The accumulation of Abeta in mitochondria is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in AD. Recent evidences suggest the involvement of Abeta interaction with mitochondrial(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in Cytochrome P450 (CYP1B1) are a predominant cause of congenital glaucoma. This study was planned with the aim to identify the mutation profile of CYP1B1 in North Indian primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients. METHODS After ethical clearance, 50 congenital glaucoma patients and 50 ethnically matched controls were recruited in this(More)
Role of platelets have been evinced as a systemic tool in a variety of neurological disorders. Oxidative phosphorylation contributes approximately 80% of total adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP) production in resting platelets suggesting potential dependence of platelets on modest mitochondrial functioning. Since mitochondria play a pivotal role in regulating(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand role of mitochondrial (mt) mutations in genes regulating oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in pathogenesis of male infertility. Infertility affects approximately 15% of couples trying to conceive. Infertility is frequently attributed to defects of sperm motility and number. Mitochondrion and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) play an(More)
BACKGROUND Selective spatial regulation of gene expression lies at the core of pattern formation in the embryo. In the fruit fly Drosophila, localized transcriptional regulation accounts for much of the embryonic pattern. RESULTS We identified a gene, partner of paired (ppa), whose properties suggest that localized receptors for protein degradation are(More)
A novel serine protease inhibitor (AmPI) was purified from larval hemolymph of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta by two-step process of trypsin-affinity and gel-filtration (FPLC) chromatography. AmPI was active against larval midgut and commercial bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin. The extent of purification was determined by SDS and Native PAGE. The protease(More)