Tapio Viljanen

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To elucidate the role of adipose tissue glucose uptake in whole-body metabolism, sc and visceral adipose tissue glucose uptake and perfusion were measured in 10 nonobese and 10 age-matched obese men with positron emission tomography using [(18)F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose, and [(15)O]-labeled water during normoglycemic hyperinsulinemia. Whole-body and(More)
BACKGROUND The authors have recently shown with positron emission tomography that subanesthetic doses of racemic ketamine increase cerebral blood flow but do not affect oxygen consumption significantly. In this study, the authors wanted to assess the effects of racemic ketamine on regional glucose metabolic rate (rGMR) in similar conditions to establish(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether brain fatty acid uptake is enhanced in obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS) and whether weight reduction modifies it. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We measured brain fatty acid uptake in a group of 23 patients with MS and 7 age-matched healthy control subjects during fasting conditions using positron emission tomography(More)
The present study describes PET, MRI, and neuropsychological findings in 90-year-old monozygotic female twins, who have remained discordant for probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) for at least 7 years. These findings were compared with those of healthy persons composing the reference group (seven women, three men; the mean+/-S.D. age: 73.3+/-3.3 years).(More)
BACKGROUND Sporadic Alzheimer disease (AD) is a multifactorial disease to which both genetic and environmental factors contribute. Therefore, twin pairs are useful in studying its pathogenesis and aetiology. Cerebral glucose metabolism has been found to be reduced in AD patients. METHODS Cerebral glucose metabolism was studied in seven monozygotic (MZ)(More)
We review new data derived from careful dissection studies on the macroscopic anatomy, innervation and function of the lumbar muscles, as well as information on the fibres in these muscles. The new findings correct previous misconceptions of the functional anatomy of the lumbar muscles. The innervation and function of the erector spinae and multifidus(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to compare (68)Ga-chloride with 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG) for the imaging of pancreatic xenografts. PROCEDURES Rats with subcutaneous human pancreatic adenocarcinoma xenografts were evaluated in vivo by dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) and ex vivo by measuring radioactivity of excised tissues and(More)
This study examines the relationship between fibrillar beta-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and reduced glucose metabolism, a proxy for neuronal dysfunction, in cognitively normal (NL) individuals with a parent affected by late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty-seven 40-80-year-old NL received positron emission tomography (PET) with (11)C-Pittsburgh compound B(More)
The relationship between the uptake of [18F]fluoroerythronitroimidazole ([18F]FETNIM), blood flow ([15O]H2O) and 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) and immunohistochemically determined biomarkers was evaluated in squamous-cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC). [18F]FETNIM and [18F]FDG PET were performed on separate days on 15 untreated patients(More)
BACKGROUND General anesthetics can alter the relationship between regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMR(glc)) and blood flow (rCBF). In this positron emission tomography study, our aim was to assess both rCMR(glc) and rCBF in the same individuals during xenon anesthesia. METHODS (18)F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose and (15)O-labeled water were used to(More)