Tapio Seppänen

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Beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) dynamics were studied by plotting each R-R interval as a function of the previous R-R interval (Poincaré plot) during incremental doses of atropine followed by exercise for 10 subjects and during exercise without autonomic blockade for 31 subjects. A quantitative two-dimensional vector analysis of a Poincaré plot was used by(More)
An experimental comparison of shape classification methods based on autoregressive modeling and Fourier descriptors of closed contours is carried out. The performance is evaluated using two independent sets of data: images of letters and airplanes. Silhouette contours are extracted from non-occluded 2-D objects rotated, scaled and translated in 3-D space.(More)
This study was designed to assess the effects of age and physical fitness on vagal modulation of heart rate (HR) during exercise by analyzing the instantaneous R-R interval variability from Poincaré plots (SD1) at rest and at different phases of a bicycle exercise test in a population of healthy males. SD1 normalized for the average R-R interval (SD1n), a(More)
BACKGROUND Altered fractal heart rate (HR) dynamics occur during various disease states, but the physiological background of abnormal fractal HR behavior is not well known. We tested the hypothesis that the fractal organization of human HR dynamics is determined by the balance between sympathetic and vagal outflow. METHODS AND RESULTS A short-term fractal(More)
Concomitant sympathetic and vagal activation can occur in various physiological conditions, but there is limited information on heart rate (HR) behavior during the accentuated sympathovagal antagonism. Beat-to-beat HR and blood pressure were recorded during intravenous infusion of incremental doses of norepinephrine in 18 healthy male volunteers (mean age(More)
tk;1Passive head-up tilt and exercise result in specific changes in the spectral characteristics of heart rate (HR) variability as a result of reduced vagal and enhanced sympathetic outflow. Recently analytic methods based on nonlinear system theory have been developed to characterize the nonlinear features in HR dynamics. This study was designed to assess(More)
We present a novel high bit rate LSB audio watermarking method. The basic idea of the proposed LSB algorithm is watermark embedding that causes minimal embedding distortion of the host audio. Using the proposed two-step algorithm, watermark bits are embedded into higher LSB layers, resulting in increased robustness against noise addition or MPEG(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this research was to study possible abnormalities in the beat to beat complexity of heart rate dynamics in patients with a previous myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND Analysis of approximate entropy of time series data provides information on the complexity of both deterministic and random processes. It has been proposed that(More)
The usability of a mobile device and services can be enhanced by context awareness. The aim of this experiment was to expand the set of generally recognizable constituents of context concerning personal mobile device usage. Naive Bayesian networks were applied to classify the contexts of a mobile device user in her normal daily activities. The(More)