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This review presents a brief overview of recent developments in miniaturization of analytical instruments utilizing microfabrication technology. The concept 'Micro-Total Analysis Systems micro-TAS)', also termed 'Lab-on-a-chip', and the latest progresses in the development of microfabricated separation devices and on-chip detection techniques are discussed.(More)
This study assessed the partitioning of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromo diphenyl ether (BDE-47), 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromo diphenyl ether (BDE-99) and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) among water, dissolved organic carbon (DOC: 4.93-8.72 mg/L), and particulate organic carbon (POC: 191-462 µg/L) along the salinity gradient (0-5.5‰) of the Baltic Sea off the coast of Finland.(More)
Catecholamines were analysed in aqueous and alcoholic non-aqueous solutions by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry using sheathless nanospray coupling. Decreases in the electrophoretic mobilities of the catecholamines and in the electroosmotic mobilities were observed from water to 1-propanol. Separations were more(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to evaluate several n-in-one cocktails of heterogeneous compounds to increase the throughput of permeability studies across Caco-2 monolayers, to investigate the reliability and applicability of the method, and to develop fast and sensitive analysis for the compounds. Compounds with potential interactions in efflux(More)
An ambient ionization technique for mass spectrometry, desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization (DAPPI), is presented, and its application to the rapid analysis of compounds of various polarities on surfaces is demonstrated. The DAPPI technique relies on a heated nebulizer microchip delivering a heated jet of vaporized solvent, e.g., toluene, and a(More)
The study of the metabolic fate of drugs is an essential and important part of the drug development process. The analysis of metabolites is a challenging task and several different analytical methods have been used in these studies. However, after the introduction of the atmospheric pressure ionization (API) technique, electrospray and atmospheric pressure(More)
A fully automated atmospheric pressure ionization platform has been built and coupled with a commercial high-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FTICR-MS) instrument. The outstanding performance of this instrument allowed screening on the basis of exact masses in imaging mode. The main novel aspect was in the integration(More)
A microfluidic nebulizer chip for mass spectrometry is presented. It is an all-glass device which consists of fusion bonded Pyrex wafers with embedded flow channels and a nozzle at the chip edge. A platinum heater is located on the wafer backside. Fabrication of the chip is detailed, especially glass deep etching, wafer bonding, and metal patterning.(More)
Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in aqueous solution at low parts-per-trillion (ppt) levels is accomplished using a very simple and efficient on-line preconcentration cryotrap membrane introduction mass spectrometry (CT-MIMS) system. The conventional MIMS probe is modified so that the membrane interface is placed about 15 cm away from the ion(More)
A membrane inlet mass spectrometric (MIMS) method is presented and compared with a static headspace gas chromatographic method (HSGC) for the determination of terpenes in water. The MIMS method provides a very simple and fast analysis of terpenes in water, detection limits being relatively low, from 0.2 mug l(-1) for monoterpenes to 2 mug l(-1) for(More)