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This review presents a brief overview of recent developments in miniaturization of analytical instruments utilizing microfabrication technology. The concept 'Micro-Total Analysis Systems micro-TAS)', also termed 'Lab-on-a-chip', and the latest progresses in the development of microfabricated separation devices and on-chip detection techniques are discussed.(More)
This study assessed the partitioning of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromo diphenyl ether (BDE-47), 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromo diphenyl ether (BDE-99) and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) among water, dissolved organic carbon (DOC: 4.93-8.72 mg/L), and particulate organic carbon (POC: 191-462 µg/L) along the salinity gradient (0-5.5‰) of the Baltic Sea off the coast of Finland.(More)
Catecholamines were analysed in aqueous and alcoholic non-aqueous solutions by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry using sheathless nanospray coupling. Decreases in the electrophoretic mobilities of the catecholamines and in the electroosmotic mobilities were observed from water to 1-propanol. Separations were more(More)
An ambient ionization technique for mass spectrometry, desorption atmospheric pressure photoionization (DAPPI), is presented, and its application to the rapid analysis of compounds of various polarities on surfaces is demonstrated. The DAPPI technique relies on a heated nebulizer microchip delivering a heated jet of vaporized solvent, e.g., toluene, and a(More)
A fully automated atmospheric pressure ionization platform has been built and coupled with a commercial high-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FTICR-MS) instrument. The outstanding performance of this instrument allowed screening on the basis of exact masses in imaging mode. The main novel aspect was in the integration(More)
Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in aqueous solution at low parts-per-trillion (ppt) levels is accomplished using a very simple and efficient on-line preconcentration cryotrap membrane introduction mass spectrometry (CT-MIMS) system. The conventional MIMS probe is modified so that the membrane interface is placed about 15 cm away from the ion(More)
A membrane inlet mass spectrometric (MIMS) method is presented and compared with a static headspace gas chromatographic method (HSGC) for the determination of terpenes in water. The MIMS method provides a very simple and fast analysis of terpenes in water, detection limits being relatively low, from 0.2 mug l(-1) for monoterpenes to 2 mug l(-1) for(More)
Purge-and-membrane mass spectrometry (PAM-MS) is a combination of dynamic headspace sampling and membrane extraction. A new and simple purge-and-membrane sampler is introduced and its basic testing results for the analysis of VOCs in soil samples are reported. Soil moisture had no effect on desorption times in the case of sand, but the desorption times(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to evaluate several n-in-one cocktails of heterogeneous compounds to increase the throughput of permeability studies across Caco-2 monolayers, to investigate the reliability and applicability of the method, and to develop fast and sensitive analysis for the compounds. Compounds with potential interactions in efflux(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the suitability and reliability of n-in-one approach using FDA suggested compounds for standardising Caco-2 permeability experiments. Special attention was paid to the evaluation of rank order correlation and mechanistic insights of compound permeability. Transport studies with antipyrine, metoprolol, ketoprofen,(More)