Learn More
Current tissue engineering approaches combine different scaffold materials with living cells to provide biological substitutes that can repair and eventually improve tissue functions. Both natural and synthetic materials have been fabricated for transplantation of stem cells and their specific differentiation into muscles, bones, and cartilages. One of the(More)
Herein we demonstrate that nanographene can be specifically directed to the tumor neovasculature in vivo through targeting of CD105 (i.e., endoglin), a vascular marker for tumor angiogenesis. The covalently functionalized nanographene oxide (GO) exhibited excellent stability and target specificity. Pharmacokinetics and tumor targeting efficacy of the GO(More)
The goal of this study was to employ nano-graphene for tumor targeting in an animal tumor model, and quantitatively evaluate the pharmacokinetics and tumor targeting efficacy through positron emission tomography (PET) imaging using (66)Ga as the radiolabel. Nano-graphene oxide (GO) sheets with covalently linked, amino group-terminated six-arm branched(More)
The goal of this study was to generate and characterize the Fab fragment of TRC105, a monoclonal antibody that binds with high affinity to human and murine CD105 (i.e., endoglin), and investigate its potential for PET imaging of tumor angiogenesis in a small-animal model after 61/64Cu labeling. TRC105-Fab was generated by enzymatic papain digestion. The(More)
Graphene-based nanomaterials have attracted tremendous attention in the field of biomedicine due to their intriguing properties. Herein, we report tumor vasculature targeting and imaging in living mice using reduced graphene oxide (RGO), which was conjugated to the anti-CD105 antibody TRC105. The RGO conjugate, (64)Cu-NOTA-RGO-TRC105, exhibited excellent(More)
In the field of regenerative medicine, human mesenchymal stem cells envisage extremely promising applications, due to their ability to differentiate into a wide range of connective tissue species on the basis of the substrate on which they grow. For the first time ever reported, we investigated the effects of a thin film of pegylated multiwalled carbon(More)
The discovery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and their potential to knock down virtually any gene of interest has ushered in a new era of RNA interference (RNAi). Clinical use of RNAi faces severe limitations due to inefficiency delivery of siRNA or short hairpin RNA (shRNA). Many molecular imaging techniques have been adopted in RNAi-related research(More)
Graphene, with its excellent physical, chemical, and mechanical properties, holds tremendous potential for a wide variety of biomedical applications. As research on graphene-based nanomaterials is still at a nascent stage due to the short time span since its initial report in 2004, a focused review on this topic is timely and necessary. In this feature(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo properties of the F(ab')(2) fragment of TRC105, a human/murine chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds with high avidity to human and murine CD105 (i.e., endoglin), and investigate its potential for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of tumor angiogenesis after(More)