Tapas K Pradhan

Learn More
Galanin has numerous effects on gastrointestinal motility in different species; however, its cellular basis of action in mediating these effects is unclear. Dispersed gastric smooth muscle cells have been shown to possess high-affinity galanin receptors that increase cAMP and cause relaxation. Recent studies show some smooth muscle relaxants such as VIP(More)
The effects of camptothecin-somatostatin (CPT-SS) conjugates were investigated on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. CPT was coupled to a SS agonist (SSA), c(Cys-Phe-DTrp-Lys-Thr-Cys)Thr-NH2 using the built in nucleophile assisted-releasing group (L1) N-methyl-aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser or (L2) aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser. The resulting(More)
The mammalian bombesin (Bn)-receptor family [gastrin-releasing peptide-receptor (GRPR-receptor), neuromedin B-receptor (NMB receptor)], their natural ligands, GRP/NMB, as well as the related orphan receptor, BRS-3, are widely distributed, and frequently overexpressed by tumors. There is increased interest in agonists for this receptor family to explore(More)
The mammalian bombesin (Bn) peptides neuromedin B (NMB) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) actions are mediated by two receptors (NMB-receptor, GRP-receptor) which are widely distributed in the GI tract and CNS. From primarily animal studies NMB/GRP-receptor activation has physiological/pathophysiological effects in the CNS and GI tract including(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is used or is being evaluated for efficacy in treatment of short stature, aspects of aging, cardiac disorders, Crohn's disease, and short bowel syndrome. Therefore, we synthesized several stable growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) analogues that could be therapeutically useful. One potent analog, [D-Ala(2),Aib(8, 18,)Ala(9, 15, 16, 22,(More)
Bombesin (BN)-related peptides, such as gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), have been shown in vivo to stimulate release of pepsinogen. However, whether this is due to a direct interaction with chief cells is not clear. To clarify this we prepared isolated chief cells (> 90% pure) from guinea pig stomach. BN, GRP, or neuromedin B (NMB), at concentrations up to(More)
In guinea pig pancreatic acini rat calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) increased amylase release 2-fold, salmon calcitonin had an efficacy of only 44% of that of CGRP and [Tyr0]CGRP(28-37) and human calcitonin had no actions. [Tyr0]CGRP(28-37), but not human calcitonin, antagonized the actions of CGRP in pancreatic acini with an IC50 of 3 microM.(More)
We have previously described that [Tyr0]CGRP(28-37) acts as a receptor antagonist of rat CGRP in guinea pig pancreatic acini. We therefore examined other C-terminal peptides of CGRP for such activity. CGRP-acetyl(28-37) acetate did act as a rat CGRP antagonist. However, C-terminal CGRP peptides of 4 to 8 amino acid residues did not antagonize the actions of(More)
  • 1