Tapas K Pradhan

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Galanin has numerous effects on gastrointestinal motility in different species; however, its cellular basis of action in mediating these effects is unclear. Dispersed gastric smooth muscle cells have been shown to possess high-affinity galanin receptors that increase cAMP and cause relaxation. Recent studies show some smooth muscle relaxants such as VIP(More)
The effects of camptothecin-somatostatin (CPT-SS) conjugates were investigated on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. CPT was coupled to a SS agonist (SSA), c(Cys-Phe-DTrp-Lys-Thr-Cys)Thr-NH2 using the built in nucleophile assisted-releasing group (L1) N-methyl-aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser or (L2) aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser. The resulting(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neurotransmitter involved in a number of pathological and physiological processes. VIP is rapidly degraded and simplified stable analogs are needed. VIP's action was extensively studied in rat and guinea pig. However, it is largely unknown whether its pharmacophore in these species resembles human. To address this(More)
The mammalian bombesin (Bn) peptides neuromedin B (NMB) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) actions are mediated by two receptors (NMB-receptor, GRP-receptor) which are widely distributed in the GI tract and CNS. From primarily animal studies NMB/GRP-receptor activation has physiological/pathophysiological effects in the CNS and GI tract including(More)
Most human tumors overexpress or ectopically express peptide hormone/neurotransmitter receptors, which are being increasingly studied as a means to selectively deliver cytotoxic agents. Although a number of peptide ligand-constructs demonstrate tumor cytotoxicity, the role of specific tumoral receptor interaction in its mediation is unclear. To address this(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is used or is being evaluated for efficacy in treatment of short stature, aspects of aging, cardiac disorders, Crohn's disease, and short bowel syndrome. Therefore, we synthesized several stable growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) analogues that could be therapeutically useful. One potent analog, [D-Ala(2),Aib(8, 18,)Ala(9, 15, 16, 22,(More)
The mammalian bombesin (Bn)-receptor family [gastrin-releasing peptide-receptor (GRPR-receptor), neuromedin B-receptor (NMB receptor)], their natural ligands, GRP/NMB, as well as the related orphan receptor, BRS-3, are widely distributed, and frequently overexpressed by tumors. There is increased interest in agonists for this receptor family to explore(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a widespread neurotransmitter whose physiological and pathophysiological actions are mediated by two receptor classes, VIP/pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (VPAC) 1 and VPAC2. VIP is a 28-amino acid peptide that is rapidly degraded and simplified; metabolically stable analogs are needed. In this(More)
We have previously described that [Tyr0]CGRP(28-37) acts as a receptor antagonist of rat CGRP in guinea pig pancreatic acini. We therefore examined other C-terminal peptides of CGRP for such activity. CGRP-acetyl(28-37) acetate did act as a rat CGRP antagonist. However, C-terminal CGRP peptides of 4 to 8 amino acid residues did not antagonize the actions of(More)