Tapas K. Pradhan

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An orphan receptor discovered in 1993 was called bombesin receptor subtype 3 (BRS-3) because of 47-51% amino acid identity with bombesin (Bn) receptors. Its pharmacology is unknown, because no naturally occurring tissues have sufficient receptors to allow studies. We made two cell lines stably expressing the human BRS-3 (hBRS-3). hBRS-3 was overexpressed in(More)
Four subtypes of bombesin receptors are identified (gastrin-releasing peptide receptor, neuromedin B receptor, the orphan receptor bombesin receptor subtype 3 (BB3 or BRS-3) and bombesin receptor subtype 4 (BB4)), however, only the pharmacology of the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor has been well studied. This lack of data is due in part to the absence(More)
Little is known about the pharmacology or cell biology of human bombesin (Bn) receptors, because they are usually present at low levels and both subtypes are frequently present in the same tissues. Human gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) receptors (huGRP-R) and human neuromedin B (NMB) receptors (huNMB-R) were stably transfected into BALB/3T3 fibroblasts.(More)
The mammalian peptide neuromedin B (NMB) and its receptor are expressed in a variety of tissues; however, little is definitively established about its physiological actions because of the lack of potent, specific antagonists. Recently, the peptoid PD 168368 was found to be a potent human NMB receptor antagonist. Because it had been shown previously that(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neurotransmitter involved in a number of pathological and physiological processes. VIP is rapidly degraded and simplified stable analogs are needed. VIP's action was extensively studied in rat and guinea pig. However, it is largely unknown whether its pharmacophore in these species resembles human. To address this(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a widespread neurotransmitter whose physiological and pathophysiological actions are mediated by two receptor classes, VIP/pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (VPAC) 1 and VPAC2. VIP is a 28-amino acid peptide that is rapidly degraded and simplified; metabolically stable analogs are needed. In this(More)
Growth hormone (GH) is used or is being evaluated for efficacy in treatment of short stature, aspects of aging, cardiac disorders, Crohn's disease, and short bowel syndrome. Therefore, we synthesized several stable growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) analogues that could be therapeutically useful. One potent analog, [D-Ala(2),Aib(8, 18,)Ala(9, 15, 16, 22,(More)
The effects of camptothecin-somatostatin (CPT-SS) conjugates were investigated on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. CPT was coupled to a SS agonist (SSA), c(Cys-Phe-DTrp-Lys-Thr-Cys)Thr-NH2 using the built in nucleophile assisted-releasing group (L1) N-methyl-aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser or (L2) aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser. The resulting(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a 38-amino acid peptide of the secretin-vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) family. To investigate whether PACAP alters chief cell function, we prepared isolated chief cells (> 90% pure) from guinea pig stomach. PACAP-38, PACAP-27, VIP, and secretin all caused a threefold increase in pepsinogen(More)
Recently, a fourth member of the bombesin (Bn) receptor family (fBB4-R) was isolated from a cDNA library from the brain of the frog, Bombina orientalis. Its pharmacology and cell biology are largely unknown, and no known natural cell lines or tissues possess sufficient numbers of fBB4-R's to allow either of these to be determined. To address these issues,(More)