Tapani Ryhänen

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We present the science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems, targeting an evolution in technology, that might lead to impacts and benefits reaching into most areas of society. This roadmap was developed within the framework of the European Graphene Flagship and outlines the main targets and research areas(More)
Sensors allow an electronic device to become a gateway between the digital and physical worlds, and sensor materials with unprecedented performance can create new applications and new avenues for user interaction. Graphene oxide can be exploited in humidity and temperature sensors with a number of convenient features such as flexibility, transparency and(More)
Magnetic signals produced by voluntary eye blinking were recorded. The maximal signals were found over the posterior parts of the orbits. The polarity of the signal reversed over each eye and in the frontal midline. The amplitude increases with light and amplitude decreases with darkness were similar in the electrical and magnetic blink and eye movement(More)
Novel computing technologies that imitate the principles of biological neural systems may offer low power consumption along with distinct cognitive and learning advantages. The development of reliable memristive devices capable of storing multiple states of information has opened up new applications such as neuromorphic circuits and adaptive systems. At the(More)
The general mechanism of chemical sensing is based on molecular recognition linked to different transduction strategies based on electrochemical, optical, gravimetric or thermal effects that can convert the signal to digital information. Electrochemical sensors support accurate, fast, and inexpensive analytical methods with the advantages of being easily(More)
We report the first successful application of an ordered bicontinuous double-gyroid vanadium pentoxide network in an electrochromic supercapacitor. The freestanding vanadia network was fabricated by electrodeposition into a voided block copolymer template that had self-assembled into the double-gyroid morphology. The highly ordered structure with 11.0 nm(More)
An electrical component model for a micromechanical accelerometer is presented. In addition to the varying capacitances, the motion of the seismic mass and the damping gas films are described by means of an electrical equivalent circuit. The resulting model can be analyzed together with the interfacing electronics utilizing all analysis modes available in a(More)
Polyaniline (PANI) nanobrushes were synthesized by template-free electrochemical galvanostatic methods. When the same method was applied to the carbon nanohorn (CNH) solution containing aniline monomers, a hybrid nanostructure containing PANI and CNHs was enabled after electropolymerization. This is the first report on the template-free method to make PANI(More)
Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) combined with a graphene charge transducer promise to provide a photoconducting platform with high quantum efficiency and large intrinsic gain, yet compatible with cost-efficient polymer substrates. The response time in these devices is limited, however, and fast switching is only possible by sacrificing the high sensitivity.(More)