Tapani Reinikainen

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Cellulose is the major polysaccharide of plants where it plays a predominantly structural role. A variety of highly specialized microorganisms have evolved to produce enzymes that either synergistically or in complexes can carry out the complete hydrolysis of cellulose. The structure of the major cellobiohydrolase, CBHI, of the potent cellulolytic fungus(More)
Cellobiohydrolase I (CBHI) of Trichoderma reesei has two functional domains, a catalytic core domain and a cellulose binding domain (CBD). The structure of the CBD reveals two distinct faces, one of which is flat and the other rough. Several other fungal cellulolytic enzymes have similar two-domain structures, in which the CBDs show a conserved primary(More)
Cellulose-binding domains (CBDs) form distinct functional units of most cellulolytic enzymes. We have compared the cellulose-binding affinities of the CBDs of cellobiohydrolase I (CBHI) and endoglucanase I (EGI) from the fungus Trichoderma reesei. The CBD of EGI had significantly higher affinity than that of CBHI. Four variants of the CBHI CBD were made in(More)
Glycine betaine is a compatible solute, which is able to restore and maintain osmotic balance of living cells. It is synthesized and accumulated in response to abiotic stress. Betaine acts also as a methyl group donor and has a number of important applications including its use as a feed additive. The known biosynthetic pathways of betaine are universal and(More)
The function of the cellulose-binding domain (CBD) of the cellobiohydrolase I of Trichoderma reesei was studied by site-directed mutagenesis of two amino acid residues identified by analyzing the 3D structure of this domain. The mutant enzymes were produced in yeast and tested for binding and activity on crystalline cellulose. Mutagenesis of the tyrosine(More)
Cellulose is the most abundant polymer in the biosphere. Although generally resistant to degradation, it may be hydrolysed by cellulolytic organisms that have evolved a variety of structurally distinct enzymes, cellobiohydrolases and endoglucanases, for this purpose. Endoglucanase I (EG I) is the major endoglucanase produced by the cellulolytic fungus(More)
Cellobiohydrolase I (CBHI) is the major cellulase of Trichoderma reesei. The enzyme contains a discrete cellulose-binding domain (CBD), which increases its binding and activity on crystalline cellulose. We studied cellulase-cellulose interactions using site-directed mutagenesis on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of the CBD of CBHI. Three mutant(More)
Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase Cel6A is an inverting glycosidase. Structural studies have established that the tunnel-shaped active site of Cel6A contains two aspartic acids, D221 and D175, that are close to the glycosidic oxygen of the scissile bond and at hydrogen-bonding distance from each other. Here, site-directed mutagenesis, X-ray(More)
Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I), the major component of Trichoderma reesei cellulolytic system, is comprised of a catalytic core domain joined to a cellulose binding-domain (CBD) by an extended O-glycosylated interdomain linker peptide. Two internal deletions were introduced to the linker in order to investigate its function particularly in the hydrolysis of(More)
Melanocarpus albomyces steryl esterase STE1 is considered to be an interesting tool for several industrial applications due to its broad substrate specificity. STE1 was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei in a laboratory bioreactor at an estimated production level of 280 mg l−l. The properties of the purified recombinant enzyme (rSTE1),(More)