Tapani Luukkainen

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The effects of dose on the initial pharmacokinetics and metabolism of an antiprogesterone steroid RU 486 (mifepristone) were studied in healthy female volunteers after administration of RU 486 as a single dose of 50-800 mg. The concentrations of RU 486 and its monodemethylated, dimethylated and hydroxylated non-demethylated metabolites were measured(More)
An intrauterine contraceptive device releasing 20 micrograms levonorgestrel daily has been studied for 15 years. The international clinical experience covers over 8000 woman years. Main characteristics of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device are its great effectiveness in preventing unplanned pregnancies and a reduction in menstrual bleeding and(More)
Thirteen women who were scheduled for hysterectomy volunteered for the study. Nine women had a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive device inserted between 36 and 49 days prior to surgery and four women were on oral levonorgestrel treatment for 7 days prior to surgery. After the surgical removal of the uterus, samples of endometrial,(More)
A randomized, multicenter comparison of two intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs) was carried out. Nine hundred thirty-seven women were fitted with a copper-releasing IUD, the Nova-T, and 1821 women with an IUD that releases 20 micrograms of levonorgestrel daily. After 36 months, the cumulative gross rates of amenorrhea and hormonal side effects were(More)
Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices (IUD) were inserted in 92 women. Endometrial biopsies were taken between 3 months and 7 years after these insertions. Intrauterine release of levonorgestrel resulted in endometrial glandular atrophy and decidualized stroma. Inflammation and necrosis were also seen as local signs of IUD use. The biopsies were(More)
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device LNg IUD is a new contraceptive method that combines the advantages of both hormonal and intrauterine contraception. It gives users non-contraceptive health benefits and can also be used as an effective therapy for menorrhagia. The local release of LNg within the endometrial cavity results in strong(More)
A number of physiological and synthetic progestins were tested for their ability to compete with [3H]dexamethasone for the binding to the glucocorticoid receptor of human mononuclear leukocytes and their ability to elicit glucocorticoid-like effects on the same cells. As compared to the reference compound dexamethasone (relative receptor binding affinity(More)
An effort was made to achieve different levels of plasma levonorgestrel (13-ethyl-17 alpha-ethynyl-17-hydroxy-gon-4-en-3-one) (Ng) concentrations by the intra-uterine admininistration of levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine devices (IUD). Three different models were designed to release different doses of Ng daily. Sixteen women volunteered for the study(More)
The ovarian function of 20 healthy users of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device was studied by measurements of plasma estradiol, progesterone, and levonorgestrel concentrations. Eight subjects were amenorrheic, and 12 had regular menstrual bleeding. Seventy-five percent of the subjects in both groups had ovulatory cycles. There was no difference(More)