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Dysfunction of protein quality control contributes to the cellular pathology of polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion diseases and other neurodegenerative disorders associated with aggregate deposition. Here we analyzed how polyQ aggregation interferes with the clearance of misfolded proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). We show in a yeast model that(More)
As a highly reduced organism, pollen performs specialized functions to generate and carry sperm into the ovule by its polarily growing pollen tube. Yet the molecular genetic basis of these functions is poorly understood. Here, we identified 322 unique proteins, most of which were not reported previously to be in pollen, from mature pollen of Oryza sativa L.(More)
Mature pollen from most plant species is metabolically quiescent; however, after pollination, it germinates quickly and gives rise to a pollen tube to transport sperms into the embryo sac. Because methods for collecting a large amount of in vitro germinated pollen grains for transcriptomics and proteomics studies from model plants of Arabidopsis and rice(More)
Cellular chaperone networks prevent potentially toxic protein aggregation and ensure proteome integrity. Here, we used Escherichia coli as a model to understand the organization of these networks, focusing on the cooperation of the DnaK system with the upstream chaperone Trigger factor (TF) and the downstream GroEL. Quantitative proteomics revealed that(More)
In eukaryotic cells a molecular chaperone network associates with translating ribosomes, assisting the maturation of emerging nascent polypeptides. Hsp70 is perhaps the major eukaryotic ribosome-associated chaperone and the first reported to bind cotranslationally to nascent chains. However, little is known about the underlying principles and function of(More)
OBJECTIVE Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new noninvasive modality for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. However, the performance of CEUS in differentiating malignant and benign thyroid nodules has not been systematically evaluated. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the accuracy of CEUS in diagnosing thyroid nodules. DATA SOURCES PubMed,(More)
Recently, fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) expression was reported to be upregulated in colon cancer and ovarian cancer, and increased expression of FGF18 mRNA and protein is associated with tumor progression and poor overall survival in patients; however, its role in lung cancer remains to be explored. In the present study, the effect and underlying(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-16 (FGF16) is a member of FGF9 subfamily, which plays key role in promoting mitosis and cell survival, and also involved in embryonic development, cell growth, tissue repair, morphogenesis, tumor growth, and invasion. However, the successful high-yield purification of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor-16 (rhFGF16) protein(More)
Mature pollen from most plant species is metabolically quiescent; however, after pollination, it germinates quickly and gives rise to a pollen tube to transport sperms into the embryo sac. Because methods for collecting a large amount of in vitro germinated pollen grains for transcriptomics and proteomics studies from model plants of Arabidopsis and rice(More)
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