Taosheng Chen

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The human transcription factor pregnane X receptor (hPXR) is a key regulator of enzyme expression, especially cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Due to the prominence of CYP3A4 in the elimination of many drugs, the development of high throughput in vitro models to predict the effect of drugs on CYP3A4 expression have increased. To better interpret and predict(More)
The human pregnane X receptor (hPXR) regulates the expression of critical drug metabolism enzymes. One of such enzymes, cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), plays critical roles in drug metabolism in hepatocytes that are either quiescent or passing through the cell cycle. It has been well established that the expression of P450, such as CYP3A4, is markedly reduced(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR) plays crucial roles in multiple physiological processes. However, the signaling mechanisms responsible are not well defined; it is most likely that multiple functions of PXR are modulated by its phosphorylation. Therefore, we sought to determine whether mutation at a highly conserved Thr(57) affects human PXR (hPXR) function.(More)
Drug resistance involves multiple mechanisms. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the leading cause of treatment failure in cancer therapy. Elevated levels of MDR proteins [members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family] increase cellular efflux and decrease the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents. As a salvage approach to overcome drug(More)
INTRODUCTION The xenobiotic detoxification system, which protects the human body from external chemicals, comprises drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters whose expressions are regulated by pregnane X receptor (PXR) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR). The progress made in a large number of recent studies calls for a timely review to(More)
The respective development of either T helper type 1 (Th1) or Th2 cells is believed to be mediated by the effects of cytokines acting directly on Th precursors (Thp). We have generated evidence for an indirect monocyte-dependent immunoregulatory pathway. Recently, interleukin (IL) 4 has been shown to produce "new" potential peroxisome proliferator-activated(More)
The mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is initiated by mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP). The BCL-2 family effectors BAX and BAK are thought to be absolutely required for this process. Here, we report that BCL-2 ovarian killer (BOK) is a bona fide yet unconventional effector of MOMP that can trigger apoptosis in the absence of both BAX(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR) plays an important and diverse role in mediating xenobiotic induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Several protein isoforms of PXR exist, and they have differential transcriptional activity upon target genes; transcript variants 3 (PXR3) and 4 (PXR4) do not induce target gene expression, whereas transcript(More)
The expression of the drug-metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is regulated by the pregnane × receptor (PXR), which is modulated by numerous signaling pathways, including the cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) pathway. Flavonoids, commonly consumed by humans as dietary constituents, have been shown to modulate various signaling pathways (e.g.,(More)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) transactivation and binding assays have been developed into high-throughput assays, which are robust and reproducible (Z' > 0.5). For most compounds, there was a good correlation between the results of the transactivation and binding assays. EC(50) values of compounds in the transactivation assay correlated reasonably well with(More)