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Abstract. The rapid growth of the Internet and support for interoperability protocols has increased the number of Web accessible sources, WebSources. Current wrapper mediator architectures need to be extended with a wrapper cost model (WCM) for WebSources that can estimate the response time (delays) to access sources as well as other relevant statistics.(More)
In this paper, we present the first distinguishing attack on HMAC and NMAC based on MD5 without related keys, which distinguishes the HMAC/NMAC-MD5 from HMAC/NMAC with a random function. The attack needs 2 queries, with a success probability 0.87, while the previous distinguishing attack on HMAC-MD5 reduced to 33 rounds takes 2 messages with a success rate(More)
The three California cities of San Jose, Fresno, and West Los Angeles (wLA) were visited during March 2008 to collect on-road emission measurements of reactive nitrogen compounds from light-duty vehicles. At the San Jose and wLA sites, comparison with historical measurements showed that emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitric oxide(More)
It is a long-standing open problem to prove the existence of (deterministic) hard-core predicates for the Computational Diffie-Hellman (CDH) problem over finite fields, without resorting to the generic approaches for any one-way functions (e.g., the Goldreich-Levin hard-core predicates). Fazio et al. (FGPS, Crypto ’13) make important progress on this(More)
We have examined the effects of bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor) on p-ERK (phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase) through PDGFRβ (platelet-derived growth factor receptor β) in the proliferation and migration of EPCs (endothelial progenitor cells). EPC migration was detected using the Transwell system. The expression of PDGFRβ mRNA and(More)
The rapid growth of the Internet and support for interoperability protocols has increased the number of Web accessible sources, WebSources. Current wrapper mediator architectures need to be extended with a Wrapper Cost Model (WCM) for WebSources that can estimate the response time (delays) to access sources as well as other relevant statistics. In this(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) play important roles in postnatal neovascularization. However, the interaction of these two pathways is not fully understood. The present study utilized CoCl(2) treated-endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) (EPCs exposure to CoCl(2) are under mimic hypoxia) to examine the expressions of(More)
Recent technology advances have enabled wide area application (WAA) processing with WebSources that are accessible via the WWW. One challenge to query processing in wide area environments is the unpredictable behavior of WebSources in the dynamic WAN. There can be wide variability in the latency (delay) of accessing these sources, and the delay could depend(More)