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To compare the treatment outcomes between retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) for the management of stones larger than 2 cm in patients with solitary kidney. Between December 2012 and March 2014, 53 patients with a solitary kidney suffering from urinary stones larger than 2 cm were treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE We explored the effects of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) and phytic acid (PA) on the absorption of minerals and their interaction. METHODS A 3 x 2 factorial experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of FOS (in the presence or absence of PA) on the apparent absorption rate of minerals and the mineral status (plasma, hepatic, and bone) in(More)
Column observations of NO2 by GOME and CO by MOPITT over North America and surrounding oceans for April 2000 are analyzed using a regional chemical transport model. Transient enhancements in these measurements due to lightning NOx production or convective transport are examined. Evidence is found for lightning enhancements of NO2 over the continent and(More)
Intensive research focuses on the development of nanoparticles, not only for their fundamental scientific interest, but also for a variety of technological applications. Monodisperse nanoparticles with a size variation of less than 5% exceptionally have been received much attention, due to their novel and high performance induced by the strong dependence of(More)
The current standard for monitoring sleep in rats requires labor intensive surgical procedures and the implantation of chronic electrodes which have the potential to impact behavior and sleep. With the goal of developing a non-invasive method to determine sleep and wakefulness, we constructed a non-contact monitoring system to measure movement and(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channel α subunit type I (Nav1.1, encoded by SCN1A gene) plays a critical role in the initiation of action potential in the central nervous system. Downregulated expression of SCN1A is believed to be associated with epilepsy. Here, we found that the SCN1A promoter (P1c), located at the 5′ untranslated exon 1c, drove the reporter gene(More)
Profiling gene expression in brain structures at various spatial and temporal scales is essential to understanding how genes regulate the development of brain structures. The Allen Developing Mouse Brain Atlas provides high-resolution 3-D in situ hybridization (ISH) gene expression patterns in multiple developing stages of the mouse brain. Currently, the(More)
To investigate the time-dependent effects of acrylamide (ACR) on the antioxidative status in rat nerve tissues, adult male Wistar rats were given ACR (40 mg/kg, i.p., 3 times/week) for 2, 4, 6 and 10 weeks, respectively. The time-dependent changes of the lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde, MDA) and antioxidative status (glutathione, GSH; glutathione(More)
Treatment induces reactive changes that often resemble low-grade dysplasia at former oral cancer sites, complicating histopathological assessment. We tested a set of microsatellite markers shown previously to be predictive of progression for oral premalignant lesions for the ability to predict development of second oral malignancy (SOM). Sixty-eight oral(More)