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The genetics of complex disease produce alterations in the molecular interactions of cellular pathways whose collective effect may become clear through the organized structure of molecular networks. To characterize molecular systems associated with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), we constructed gene-regulatory networks in 1,647 postmortem brain(More)
Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease with diverse molecular and histological subtypes. We performed whole-genome sequencing in 100 tumor-normal pairs, along with DNA copy number, gene expression and methylation profiling, for integrative genomic analysis. We found subtype-specific genetic and epigenetic perturbations and unique mutational signatures.(More)
The endoscopic expanded endonasal approach (EEA) has been reported in literature as a useful tool to treat sellar, parasellar, suprasellar, and clival lesions. The endoscope permits a panoramic view rather than a narrow microscopic view, and this approach can reach the lesion without brain retraction and with minimal neurovascular manipulation. However,(More)
Heme, a complex of iron and protoporphyrin IX (PPIX), senses and utilizes oxygen in nearly all living cells. It is an essential component of various hemoproteins, including those involved in oxygen transport and storage (hemoglobin, myoglobin), electron transfer, drug and steroid metabolism (cytochromes), and signal transduction (nitric oxide synthases,(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins couple receptors for diverse extracellular signals to effector enzymes or ion channels. Each G protein comprises a specific alpha-subunit and a tightly bound betagamma dimer. Several human disorders that result from genetic G-protein abnormalities involve the imprinted GNAS gene, which encodes Gs alpha, the ubiquitously expressed(More)
The MapReduce model is becoming prominent for the large-scale data analysis in the cloud. In this paper, we present the benchmarking, evaluation and characterization of Hadoop, an open-source implementation of MapReduce. We first introduce HiBench, a new benchmark suite for Hadoop. It consists of a set of Hadoop programs, including both synthetic(More)
OBJECTIVES To study whether 60-Hz stimulation, compared with routine 130 Hz, improves swallowing function and freezing of gait (FOG) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) who undergo bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHODS We studied 7 patients with PD who experienced FOG that persisted despite routine 130-Hz(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides accumulate in the brain and initiate a cascade of pathologic events in Alzheimer's disease. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been implicated to mediate Aβ-induced perturbations in the neurovascular unit (NVU). We demonstrated that pinocembrin exhibits neuroprotection through inhibition of the Aβ and/or RAGE(More)
Pharmacotherapy with amphetamine is effective in the management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), now recognized in adults as well as in children and adolescents. Here we demonstrate that amphetamine treatment, similar to that used clinically for adult ADHD, damages dopaminergic nerve endings in the striatum of adult nonhuman primates.(More)
GNAS is a complex imprinted gene that uses multiple promoters to generate several gene products, including the G protein alpha-subunit (G(s)alpha) that couples seven-transmembrane receptors to the cAMP-generating enzyme adenylyl cyclase. Somatic activating G(s)alpha mutations, which alter key residues required for the GTPase turn-off reaction, are present(More)